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Physiology and impact of horizontal connections in rat neocortex
University of California Berkeley, USA.
Bernstein Center Freiburg, Germany and University of Freiburg, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8044-9195
University of Freiburg, Germany.
University of Freiburg, Germany.
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2014 (English)In: Cerebral Cortex, ISSN 1047-3211, E-ISSN 1460-2199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cortical information processing at the cellular level has predominantly been studied in local networks, which are dominated by strong vertical connectivity between layers. However, recent studies suggest that the bulk of axons targeting pyramidal neurons most likely originate from outside this local range, emphasizing the importance of horizontal connections. We mapped a subset of these connections to L5B pyramidal neurons in rat somatosensory cortex with photostimulation, identifying intact projections up to a lateral distance of 2 mm. Our estimates of the spatial distribution of cells presynaptic to L5B pyramids support the idea that the majority is located outside the local volume. The synaptic physiology of horizontal connections does not differ markedly from that of local connections, whereas the layer and cell-type-dependent pattern of innervation does. Apart from L2/3, L6A provides a strong source of horizontal connections. Implementing our data into a spiking neuronal network model shows that more horizontal connections promote robust asynchronous ongoing activity states and reduce noise correlations in stimulus-induced activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2014.
Keyword [en]
cortical network, horizontal connections, laser uncaging, noise correlation, pyramidal neuron
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-156082DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhu265OAI: diva2:764707

QC 20141204

Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2014-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Kumar, Arvind
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