Rapid small intestinal permeability assay based on riboflavin and lactulose detected by bis-boronic acid appended benzyl viologens
2015 (English)In: Clinica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0009-8981, E-ISSN 1873-3492, Vol. 439, 115-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Although organoboronic acids are efficient high-throughput sugar sensors, they have not been pursued for gut permeability studies. A modification of the lactulose/mannitol assay is described by which small intestinal permeability is assessed at the time of urine collection using a lactulose/riboflavin ratio.
METHODS: Volunteers ingested 50mg riboflavin and either 5g mannitol or 10g lactulose. Urine was collected for 6hrs. Riboflavin was assayed by autofluorescence. Riboflavin was removed by C18 solid phase extraction. Lactulose and mannitol were then assayed using 1,1'-bis(2-boronobenzyl)-4,4'-bipyridinium (4,4'oBBV) coupled to the fluorophore HPTS.
RESULTS: The temporal profile over 6hrs for riboflavin paralleled mannitol. Riboflavin recovery in urine was 11.1±1.9 % (mean±SEM, n=7), similar to mannitol. There was selective binding of 4,4'oBBV to lactulose, likely involving cooperativity between the fructose and galactose moieties. Lower limits of detection and quantification were 90 and 364μM. The lactulose assay was insensitive to other permeability probes (e.g., sucrose, sucralose) while tolerating glucose or lactose. This assay can be adapted to automated systems. Stability of 4,4'oBBV exceeds 4years.
CONCLUSIONS: Riboflavin measured by autofluorescence combined with lactulose measured with 4,4'oBBV represents a useful new chemistry for rapid measurement of intestinal permeability with excellent stability, cost and throughput benefits.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 439, 115-121 p.
Intestinal permeability, Organoborane, Gastroenterology, Lactulose, Mannitol, Riboflavin
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236349DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2014.09.031ISI: 000347499700021PubMedID: 25300228OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236349DiVA: diva2:764124
De två första författarna delar första författarskapet.2014-11-182014-11-182016-05-25Bibliographically approved