Resonance Testing of Asphalt Concrete
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis present novel non-destructive laboratory test methods to characterize asphalt concrete. The testing is based on frequency response measurements of specimens where resonance frequencies play a key role to derive material properties such as the complex modulus and complex Poisson’s ratio. These material properties are directly related to pavement quality and used in thickness design of pavements.
Since conventional cyclic loading is expensive, time consuming and complicated to perform, there has been a growing interest to apply resonance and ultrasonic testing to estimate the material properties of asphalt concrete. Most of these applications have been based on analytical approximations which are limited to characterizing the complex modulus at one frequency per temperature. This is a significant limitation due to the strong frequency dependency of asphalt concrete. In this thesis, numerical methods are applied to develop a methodology based on modal testing of laboratory samples to characterize material properties over a wide frequency and temperature range (i.e. a master curve).
The resonance frequency measurements are performed by exciting the specimens using an impact hammer and through a non-contact approach using a speaker. An accelerometer is used to measure the resulting vibration of the specimen. The material properties can be derived from these measurements since resonance frequencies of a solid are a function of the stiffness, mass, dimensions and boundary conditions.
The methodology based on modal testing to characterize the material properties has been developed through the work presented in paper I and II, compared to conventional cyclic loading in paper III and IV and used to observe deviations from isotropic linear viscoelastic behavior in paper V. In paper VI, detailed measurements of resonance frequencies have been performed to study the possibility to detect damage and potential healing of asphalt concrete.
The resonance testing are performed at low strain levels (~10^-7) which gives a direct link to surface wave testing of pavements in the field. This enables non-destructive quality control of pavements, since the field measurements are performed at approximately the same frequency range and strain level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , xiii, 51 p.
Resonance frequencies; Modal testing; Frequency response functions; Cyclic loading; Tension-compression tests; Complex modulus; Complex Poisson’s ratio
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155906ISBN: 978-91-87353-50-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155906DiVA: diva2:763296
2014-12-08, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Marasteanu, Mihai, Professor
Rydén, Nils, Adjunct ProfessorBirgisson, Björn, Professor
QC 201411172014-11-172014-11-142015-06-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers