A computerized neuropsychological test battery designed for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
2014 (English)In: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, ISSN 2045-8118, Vol. 11, 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: A tool for standardized and repeated neuropsychological assessments in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is needed. The objective of this study was to develop a computerized neuropsychological test battery designed for INPH and to evaluate its reliability, validity and patient's ability to complete the tests.
METHODS: Based on a structured review of the literature on neuropsychological testing in INPH, the eight tests most sensitive to the INPH cognitive profile were implemented in a computerized format. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was also included. Tests were presented on a touch-screen monitor, with animated instructions and speaker sound. The battery was evaluated with the following cohorts: A. Test-retest reliability, 44 healthy elderly; B. Validity against standard pen and pencil testing, 28 patients with various cognitive impairments; C. Ability to complete test battery, defined as completion of at least seven of the eight tests, 40 investigated for INPH.
RESULTS: A. All except the figure copy test showed good test-retest reliability, r = 0.67-0.90; B. A high correlation was seen between conventional and computerized tests (r = 0.66-0.85) except for delayed recognition and figure copy task; C. Seventy-eight percent completed the computerized battery; Patients diagnosed with INPH (n = 26) performed worse on all tests, including depression score, compared to healthy controls.
CONCLUSIONS: A new computerized neuropsychological test battery designed for patients with communicating hydrocephalus and INPH was introduced. Its reliability, validity for general cognitive impairment and completion rate for INPH was promising. After exclusion of the figure copy task, the battery is ready for clinical evaluation and as a next step we suggest validation for INPH and a comparison before and after shunt surgery.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.org NCT01265251.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 11, 22
Dementia, Hydrocephalus, Normal pressure, Neuropsychological tests, Neuropsychology, Reliability and validity, Software
Research subject Neurology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96190DOI: 10.1186/2045-8118-11-22PubMedID: 25279138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-96190DiVA: diva2:762517