Non-canonical case-marking on core arguments in Lithuanian: A historical and contrastive perspective
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis presents a description and analysis of non-canonical case-marking of core arguments in Lithuanian. It consists of an introduction and six articles, providing historical and/or contrastive perspective to this issue. More specifically, using data from Lithuanian dialects, Old Lithuanian and other languages such as Icelandic, Latin and Finnic for comparison, the thesis examines the development and current state of non-canonical case-marking of core arguments in Lithuanian The present work draws on empirical findings and theoretical considerations to investigate non-canonical case-marking, language variation and historical linguistics.
Special attention is paid to the variation in the case-marking of body parts in pain verb constructions, where an accusative-marked body part is used in Standard Lithuanian, and alongside, a nominative-marked body part in Lithuanian dialects. A common objective of the first three articles is to clarify and to seek a better understanding for the reasons for this case variation. The research provides evidence that nominative is the original case-marking of body parts in pain specific construction, i.e. with verbs, with the original meaning of pain, like skaudėti and sopėti ‘hurt, feel pain’. On the contrary, in derived pain constructions, i.e. with verbs like gelti with the original meaning of ‘sting, bite’ and diegti with the original meaning ‘plant’, accusative is the original case-marking of body parts. This accusative is explained by means of an oblique anticausative and it is argued furthermore that it is extended into the pain specific construction. The three last articles focus on the comparative and contrastive perspective. Their main results include the following: Lithuanian and Icelandic differ considerably in the frequency of using accusative vs. dative marking on the highest ranked argument. Accusative is more frequently used in Lithuanian while dative is dominant in Icelandic. The semantic fields of the dative subject construction have remained very stable, suggesting that the dative subject construction is inherited. It has, however, become productive in the history of Germanic, Baltic and Slavic. The similarities in Finnic and Baltic partiality-based object and subject-marking systems are due to Baltic influence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014. , 94 p.
Stockholm studies in Baltic languages, ISSN 0281-5478 ; 9
Case-marking, non-canonical subjects, core arguments, Lithuanian, Old Lithuanian, Lithuanian dialects, pain verbs, oblique anticausative, Icelandic, historical linguistics, contrastive linguistics, Construction grammar, Role and Reference grammar
Languages and Literature
Research subject Baltic Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108978ISBN: 978-91-87235-75-7 (PDF)ISBN: 978-91-87235-76-4 (Print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108978DiVA: diva2:761906
2014-12-12, hörsal 2, hus A, Universitetsvägen 10 A, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Nau, Nicole, Professor
Larsson, Jenny, DocentVanags, Peteris, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: In press. Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: In press.2014-11-202014-11-092014-11-24Bibliographically approved
List of papers