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Kvinnornas upplevelse av att leva med typ 2-diabetes
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Många kvinnor med typ 2-diabetes misslyckas med sin egenvård och komplikationer tillstöter. Denna studie sammanfattar ett antal forskningsresultat som beskriver kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med typ 2-diabetes. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva hur kvinnor med typ 2-diabetes upplever att leva med sin sjukdom.  Dessa upplevelser påverkar hur kvinnan kan sköta sin egenvård men också ge information om hur sjuksköterskan kan stödja kvinnan. Orems egenvårsteori kopplas till kvinnans egenvård och sjuksköterskans roll. Vidare var syftet även att granska artiklarnas kvalitet utifrån den metodologiska aspekten urvalsmetod.

Denna studie utformades som en deskriptiv litteraturstudie baserade på tio artikar med kvalitativ ansats.

Resultatet från dessa artiklar visade att upplevelserna kan delas in i fem olika kategorier.

1. Upplevelse av utmaningar med egenvården och livsstilsförändringar

2. Upplevelse att hantera sina känslor

3. Upplevelse av motivation och engagemang

4. Upplevelse av omgivningens stöd

5. Upplevelse av interaktion med vårdgivare

Slutsatsen från studien är att kvinnor med typ 2-diabetes har många erfarenheter runt sin diagnos som påverkar hennes egenvårdskapacitet. Granskningen av artiklarnas kvalitet utifrån den metodologiska aspekten urvalsmetod visar att urvalet är kritiskt för resultatet. I alla studier som är baserade på urval bör urvalsmetod granskas kritiskt innan några slutsatser tas.

 

Abstract [en]

Many women with type 2 diabetes fail in their efforts with self care management. The consequence are medical complications. The purpose of this paper is to look at a number of research articles describing women’s experiences relating to their diabetes diagnosis. These experiences affect the woman's ability to self care but also guides the nurse in her profession on how to best support the woman. Orem's self care deficit theory is tied to the diabetic woman and her self care but also to the role of the nurse. There is also an analysis of the sampling methods used in each of the articles.

This study was done as a descriptive litterature study based on ten qualitative research articles.

The result from the analysis of the articles shows that the experiences of the diabetic women can be sorted into five categories.

1.     Self-care and lifestyle change

2.     Coping with ones own feelings and emotions

3.     Motivation and engagement

4.     The surrounding support 

5.     The interaction with the caregiver/medical expertise.

The conclusion that can be made from this study is that women with type 2 diabetes have a lot of emotional experiences relating to the diagnosis that affects their self care management. The analysis of the sampling methods used in each of the articles show that it is critical for the result how the sampling was done and care should be exercised before drawing any conclusions from the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, female, experience, Orem's self care deficit theory
Keyword [sv]
typ 2-diabetes, kvinnor, upplevelse, Orems egenvårdsteori
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17815Archive number: SSKHT14-05OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17815DiVA: diva2:761806
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-11 Created: 2014-11-08 Last updated: 2014-11-11Bibliographically approved

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