Ankle-foot orthoses in children with cerebral palsy: a cross sectional population based study of 2200 children
2014 (English)In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 15, 327- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) is the most frequently used type of orthosis in children with cerebral palsy (CP). AFOs are designed either to improve function or to prevent or treat muscle contractures. The purpose of the present study was to analyse the use of, the indications for, and the outcome of using AFO, relative to age and gross motor function in a total population of children with cerebral palsy. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed of 2200 children (58% boys, 42% girls), 0-19 years old (median age 7 years), based on data from the national Swedish follow-up programme and registry for CP. To analyse the outcome of passive ankle dorsiflexion, data was compared between 2011 and 2012. The Gross motor classification system (GMFCS) levels of included children was as follows: I (n = 879), II (n = 357), III (n = 230), IV (n = 374) and V (n = 355). Results: AFOs were used by 1127 (51%) of the children. In 215 children (10%), the indication was to improve function, in 251 (11%) to maintain or increase range of motion, and 661 of the children (30%) used AFOs for both purposes. The use of AFOs was highest in 5-year-olds (67%) and was more frequent at lower levels of motor function with 70% at GMFCS IV-V. Physiotherapists reported achievement of functional goals in 73% of the children using AFOs and maintenance or improvement in range of ankle dorsiflexion in 70%. Conclusions: AFOs were used by half of the children with CP in Sweden. The treatment goals were attained in almost three quarters of the children, equally at all GMFCS levels. AFOs to improve range of motion were more effective in children with a more significant decrease in dorsiflexion at baseline.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, 327- p.
Ankle-foot orthosis, AFO, Cerebral palsy, Range of motion, Total population
Orthopedics Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235300DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-15-327ISI: 000342520600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235300DiVA: diva2:761777