Simulation used as a learning approach in nursing education: Students’ experiences and validation of evaluation questionnaires
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The overall aim was to investigate bachelor nursing students’ experiences with simulation as a learning approach conducted under various conditions. Additionally, the aim was to translate and validate questionnaires for the evaluation of simulation in a Norwegian context.
Methods: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Nursing students responded to three questionnaires after attending either low- or high-fidelity simulation. Data were analyzed with statistics (I). Two evaluation questionnaires were subjected to a principal components analysis (II, III). Data were obtained from nursing students through focus group interviews, and analyzed with a qualitative content analysis (IV).
Main findings: Independent of the fidelity level in the simulation and educational level, the students reported satisfaction and that the emphasized features in learning were present. Those who had used a paper/pencil case study were the most satisfied (I). Debriefing was reported to be crucial for learning, but in particular by attending the large groups, also as a stressful and intrusive situation (IV).The Norwegian version of the questionnaire, the Student Satisfaction and Self-Confidence Scale, revealed no stable factor solution (II). The translated version of the Debriefing Experience Scale was shown to hold a good potential for evaluating debriefing, but benefited from reducing the subscales (III). To ensure safety and security were reported to be a prerequisite for learning, with the students requesting a more frequent use of simulation and a higher degree of familiarity with active learning in their program in general (IV).
Conclusions: Simulation at all fidelity levels should be used in nursing education. To exploit the potential, the learning approaches should be integrated into the program in general through a systematic and structured building of a learning community. A further validation and testing of the questionnaires in different programs and contexts is needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. , 87 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:1
debriefing, evaluation questionnaires, fidelity, nursing students, experiences, psychometric testing, simulation
Research subject Nursing Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34549ISBN: 978-91-7063-608-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-34549DiVA: diva2:760893
2015-01-23, 1 A 305, Lagerlöfsalen, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 11:00 (Norwegian)
Löfmark, Anna, Professor
Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise, ProfessorPetzäll, Kerstin, ProfessorHedelin, Birgitta, Professor
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