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Rights of nature and the indigenous peoples in Bolivia and Ecuador: A Straitjacket for Progressive Development Politics?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2014 (English)In: Revista iberoamericana de estudios de desarrollo / Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies, E-ISSN 2254-2035, Vol. 3, no 2, 148-173 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is it possible to justify resource extractivism to provide progressive welfare politics and still respect the constitutional rights of nature? The Indigenous concept of Sumak Kawsay on human beings living in harmony with each other and the environment is the fundamental framing of the new constitutions of Ecuador and Bolivia. These constitutional reforms embrace strengthened proper rights of nature and similarly of ethnic rights. However, the same constitutions grant the State the right to exploit and commercialize natural resources and extractivism has increased. This study revises the tensions between welfare politics, extractivism and the rights of nature and the Indigenous peoples in the new constitutional settings of Bolivia and, particularly, Ecuador. The article argues that Sumak Kawsay challenges dominating understandings of theconcepts of welfare, common good and development, and likewise that a pragmatic approach is applied by national governments towards the constitutional rights of nature amidst other human values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 3, no 2, 148-173 p.
Keyword [en]
Bolivia, Ecuador, development politics, environmentalism, rights of nature and the indigenous peoples, Sumak Kawsay.
Keyword [es]
Bolivia, Ecuador, ambientalismo, derechos de la naturaleza y los pueblos indígenas, desarrollo, Sumak Kawsay.
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; Environmental Law; Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-108843OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-108843DiVA: diva2:760841
Projects
Rights of Nature- Nature of Rights. Neo-Constitutionalism and Ethno-Ecologist Resistance in Bolivia and Ecuador, support by FORMAS (Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning) for the period 2013-2016.
Funder
Formas, 2012–1828
Available from: 2014-11-04 Created: 2014-11-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Lalander, Rickard
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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