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Förekomsten av disfluenser hos svenska 6-åringar med typisk utveckling
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis [Artistic work]Alternative title
The Occurrence of Disfluencies in 6-year Old Swedish Children with Typical Speech and Language Development. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Disfluenser innebär naturliga tvekfenomen och de förekommer med individuella variationer hos samtliga talare. Förekomsten av disfluenser i barntal har hittills inte studerats i så stor utsträckning, vilket motiverar föreliggande uppsatsarbete.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka förekomsten av disfluenser hos svenska 6-åringar med typisk utveckling. Syftet var även att analysera huruvida förekomsten av disfluenser skiljer sig mellan könen. Slutligen undersöktes huruvida det förelåg ett samband mellan mängden disfluenser och lexikal förmåga innefattande ordförråd samt ordmobilisering.

I studien deltog 55 barn med svenska som modersmål, 25 flickor samt 30 pojkar i åldrarna 6;0–6;12 (M 6;5) år. För att kartlägga disfluenserna användes en händelsebild, för att elicitera spontantal. Den lexikala förmågan undersöktes med testen PPVT och Ordracet.

Studiens huvudfynd var att 6-åringar i genomsnitt producerar 15,6 (SD 5,7) disfluenser per 100 talade ord. Olika typer av disfluenser registrerades i studien, den vanligaste disfluensen var ofyllda pauser. Viktigt att notera är att det förelåg stora individuella variationer gällande mängden disfluenser. Förekomsten av disfluenser var dock något vanligare hos flickorna. Signifikanta skillnader mellan könen och disfluenserna konstaterades. Flickorna var mer disfluenta vad gäller ofyllda pauser, segmentförlängningar samt ljudrepetitioner i medial position. Pojkarna producerade fler ordrepetitioner. Det förelåg inte något samband mellan mängden disfluenser och den lexikala förmågan.

Abstract [en]

Disfluency is a naturally occurring phenomenon that occurs with some degree of individual variation in all speakers. The presence of disfluencies in children is not well studied, which was the motivation behind this essay.

The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of disfluencies in 6-year-old Swedish children with typical speech and language development. A secondary aim was to analyze whether the occurrence of disfluencies differ between genders. Finally the possible correlation between the children’s amount of disfluencies and their lexical abilities including vocabulary and word retrieval was examined.

The study included 55 children, 25 girls and 30 boys between 6;0–6;12 (M 6;5) years old. All children had Swedish as their mother tongue. To map disfluencies an event image was used to elicitate spontaneous speech. The lexical ability was examined using the tests PPVT and Ordracet.

The main finding was that 6-year-olds have a mean of 15.6 (SD 5,7) disfluencies per 100 spoken words. Different types of disfluencies were analyzed in the study, the most common was unfilled pauses. It is, however, important to note that there was considerable individual variation regarding the amount disfluencies between the studied children, and that the presence of disfluencies was slightly more common in girls. Significant differences between the genders and disfluencies were found. The girls produced more unfilled pauses, prolongations and sound repetitions in medial position. The boys produced more word repetitions. There seems to be no correlation between the amount of disfluencies and lexical ability, including the vocabulary size and word retrieval.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Disfluencies, unfilled pauses, filled pauses, prolongations, repetitions, truncations, repairs, stuttering, vocabulary, gender differences.
Keyword [sv]
Disfluenser, ofyllda pauser, fyllda pauser, segmentförlängningar, repetitioner, trunkeringar, revideringar, stamning, ordförråd, könsskillnader.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111794ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP–A--14/013—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-111794DiVA: diva2:760432
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Presentation
2014-05-19, Karl-Johan, Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Förekomsten av disfluenser hos svenska 6-åringar med typisk utveckling(877 kB)274 downloads
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