Signaling factors related to atrophy and hypertrophy in denervated skeletal muscle
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The human body consists of about 40 % skeletal muscles which control the body’s movement, ability to stand up, force generation, locomotion, heat production and are also the body’s protein reservoir. Muscle mass is controlled by the relationship between protein synthesis and protein degradation. Atrophy, a decrease in muscle mass, can be trigged by disuse, immobilization, inflammation and cancer. Hypertrophy, an increase in muscle mass, can occur after increased mechanical load, high usage and/or anabolic stimulation. The aim of this thesis was to investigate changes in expression and post translational modifications of some factors involved in the regulation of protein synthesis and protein degradation in 6-days denervated atrophic hind-limb muscles (anterior tibial and pooled gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) and in 6-days denervated hypertrophic hemidiaphragm muscle in mice. Protein expression and post translational modifications were studied semi-quantitatively using Western blots with whole muscle homogenates and separated nuclear and cytosolic fractions from both innervated and denervated muscles. An increase in protein synthesis after denervation in both atrophic and hypertrophic muscles was suggested after studies of factors downstream of mTOR (paper I). Other results suggest that FoxO1 and MuRF1 (paper II) participate in the tissue remodeling that occurs after denervation. A differential response of MK2 phosphorylation in denervated hypertrophic and atrophic muscles was confirmed (paper III). An increase in phosphorylation of the MK2 substrate Hsp 25 in all denervated muscles studied (paper III) indicates that other factors than MK2 are involved in regulating this phosphorylation. eIF4G phosphorylation at S1108 was investigated (paper IV) and a decrease was observed in atrophic muscle but an increase in hypertrophic muscle. The results in this thesis suggest that there are several factors that control protein degradation and protein synthesis in denervated atrophic and hypertrophic skeletal muscles. This is an intricate labyrinth with many different cell signaling factors, the function of which are still far from fully understood.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2014. , 96 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 198/2014
Atrophy, Hypertrophy, Skeletal muscle, Denervation, Protein synthesis, Protein degradation
Research subject Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37670ISBN: 978-91-87925-26-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-37670DiVA: diva2:759757
2014-11-21, N2007, Västergård, Smålandsgatan 26E, Kalmar, 09:00 (Swedish)
Henriksson, Jan, Professor
Tågerud, Sven, Professor
List of papers