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A driving simulator evaluation of road markings and symbolic signs on vehicle-pedestrian conflicts
University of Massachusetts Amherst.
University of Massachusetts Amherst.
University of Massachusetts Amherst.
University of Massachusetts Amherst.
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference Road Safety on Four Continents: Beijing, China. 15-17 May 2013, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Pedestrians are amongst the most vulnerable of road users. A common way of accommodating pedestrians at non-signalized intersections is through the use of mid-block crosswalks. Pedestrian crashes at marked mid-block crosswalks are often no less frequent than at unmarked mid-block crosswalks.

The risk to pedestrians is especially high when a driver’s view of pedestrians in a crosswalk is obstructed as the driver approaches the crosswalk creating a multi-threat situation for the pedestrian. Such a situation is too risky to study on the open road, but not on a driving simulator. Among the most effective and least costly of the safety alternatives are advance yield markings. This study uses a driving simulator to evaluate vehicle-pedestrian conflicts in sight-limited scenarios with advance yield markings and “Yield Here to Pedestrians” symbol signs as well as the standard crosswalk treatments and signs. Measures of drivers’ performance include actual crashes as well as the drivers’ glancing behavior to determine if the drivers approaching a marked midblock crosswalk look for pedestrians in the crosswalk more frequently and sooner in high risk, multiple-threat scenarios when advance yield markings and prompts are present than when standard markings and prompts are used. The results suggest that fewer crashes occur with advance yield markings. And we find that drivers look much more frequently and much sooner for pedestrians with advance yield markings. Uses and limitations surrounding the development of scenarios on a driving simulator and the advantages and limitations of using driving simulation to study problems such as this are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013.
Keyword [en]
Pedestrian crossing, Carriageway marking, Advance, Visibility, Simulator (driving), Eye movement, Driver
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
X RSXC; 30 Road: Highway design, 34 Road: Safety devices
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7301OAI: diva2:758350
16th International Conference Road Safety on Four Continents. Beijing, China (RS4C 2013). 15-17 May 2013.
Available from: 2014-10-27 Created: 2014-10-27 Last updated: 2014-11-10Bibliographically approved

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