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A biofuel mandate and a low carbon fuel standard with ‘double counting’
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7864-5982
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 European Union’s (EU) energy legislation from 2009 is still being implemented in the Member States. We study analytically the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive’s provisions for the transport sector. The former Directive imposes a biofuel mandate and allows double counting of some biofuels. The latter Directive imposes a Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS). We show that either the biofuel mandate or the LCFS is redundant. Double counting makes the biofuel mandate easier to fulfil but also depresses the price of biofuels. Production of the doubly counted biofuels increases nevertheless and production of the single-counted biofuels falls. Given the type of technical change studied, double counting spurs technical development of the doubly counted biofuels. The LCFS directs support towards those biofuels with lowest life-cycle carbon emissions. The redundant policy instrument, the biofuel mandate or the LCFS, only creates costs but no benefits and should be abolished. Double counting makes the biofuel mandate non-cost-efficient and should be reconsidered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Centre for Transport Studies , 2014. , 37 p.
CTS Working Paper, 2014:19
Keyword [en]
Alternative energy, Fuel, EU directive
National Category
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7295OAI: diva2:758151
Available from: 2014-10-24 Created: 2014-10-24 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Jussila Hammes, Johanna
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Transport economics, TEK

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