Effects of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, Vol. 46, no 9, 908-914 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in women with neck pain compared with best-available treatment and sham treatment.
DESIGN: Observer-blinded randomized controlled trial with short-term and 6-month follow-ups.
SUBJECTS: Women with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomized to 3 groups: neck coordination exercise with a novel training device; strength training for the neck and shoulders; or massage. Each group had 36 participants.
METHODS: The intervention period was 11 weeks with 22 individually supervised sessions. Primary outcomes were postural sway measures and precision of goal-directed arm movements. Secondary outcomes were range of motion for the neck, peak speed of axial rotation, and neck pain. A repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted separately on the primary outcomes for the short-term and 6-month evaluations and on the sensorimotor secondary outcomes for the 6-month effect. The 6-month effect on pain was analysed with a repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).
RESULTS: No significant treatment effects in favour of neck coordination exercise were found for short-term or 6-month evaluations.
CONCLUSION: Neck coordination exercise is no better than strength training and massage in improving sensorimotor function. Further research should investigate the use of cut-offs for sensorimotor dysfunctions prior to proprioceptive or coordinative training.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 46, no 9, 908-914 p.
neck pain, rehabilitation, coordination training, resistance training, postural balance, randomized controlled trial
Research subject Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95049DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1869ISI: 000343076800012PubMedID: 25182501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-95049DiVA: diva2:757055