Evaluating common drivers for color, iron and organic carbon in Swedish watercourses
2014 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 43, no SI, 30-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recent browning (increase in color) of surface waters across much of the northern hemisphere has important implications for light climate, ecosystem functioning, and drinking water treatability. Using log-linear regressions and long-term (6-21 years) data from 112 Swedish watercourses, we identified temporal and spatial patterns in browning-related parameters [iron, absorbance, and total organic carbon (TOC)]. Flow variability and lakes in the catchment were major influences on all parameters. Co-variation between seasonal, discharge-related, and trend effects on iron, TOC, and absorbance were dependent on pH, landscape position, catchment size, latitude, and dominant land cover. Large agriculture-dominated catchments had significantly larger trends in iron, TOC, and water color than small forest catchments. Our results suggest that while similarities exist, no single mechanism can explain the observed browning but show that multiple mechanisms related to land cover, climate, and acidification history are responsible for the ongoing browning of surface waters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 43, no SI, 30-44 p.
Research subject Earth Science with specialization in Environmental Analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234359DOI: 10.1007/s13280-014-0560-5ISI: 000345292300004PubMedID: 25403968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-234359DiVA: diva2:756363