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Safety promotion and injury surveillance with special focus on young people´s club sports: Challenges and possibilities
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Physical activity in youth has many benefits, but parallel to these benefits, sport related injuries pose considerable risks.  It is important to public health to address sport related injuries, particularly those affecting young people, who comprise the majority of participants in organised sport in Sweden. 

The first study in this research showed that inspections of local sport environments, where injuries often occur, did not occur uniformly. Two additional studies pointed out the need for better surveillance of injuries, and described the use of ambulance attendance reports as a possible improvement to current surveillance systems, with a possibility to improve safety for youth and other sport participants. Two other studies identify risk factors that were specific to football and climbing sports, which can be used to guide targeted safety interventions for the young participants of these sports. 

The studies, taken as a whole, provide new information about the factors associated with sport related injuries, particularly for young people, and point out the need for better sport injury surveillance, improved inspection strategies for fields maintained by organised sport clubs in local communities, and the need to address risk factors specific to different sport activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2014. , 83 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:61
Keyword [en]
Climbing injury, Injury surveillance, Sport safety policies, Safety inspections, Self-reported health, Sport injury.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34429ISBN: 978-91-7063-601-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-34429DiVA: diva2:756148
Public defence
2014-12-12, Fryxellsalen, 1B 306, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2014-11-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Governance and implementation of sports safety practices by municipal offices in Swedish communities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance and implementation of sports safety practices by municipal offices in Swedish communities
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 19, no 2, 163-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2012
Keyword
sport safety, safety policies, case study research methods, safety inspections
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33796 (URN)10.1080/17457300.2011.635212 (DOI)000304481300011 ()22126404 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-23 Created: 2014-09-23 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Monitoring the tip of the iceberg Ambulance medical records as a source of surveillance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monitoring the tip of the iceberg Ambulance medical records as a source of surveillance
2008 (English)In: Scand J Publ Health, 2008, 36; 250-257Article in journal (Refereed)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21577 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2015-01-29
3. Rock climbing injury rates and associated risk factors in a general climbing population
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rock climbing injury rates and associated risk factors in a general climbing population
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, no 19, 850-856 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2008
Keyword
rock climbing, generla climbing populations, associated risk factors, injury, safety
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23134 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00851.x (DOI)
Conference
2nd World Congress on Sports Injury prevention, June 26-28 2008, Tromsø, Norway
Note

Distrubution: Abstracts will be published in the June issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine

Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
4. Is "football for all" safe for all?: Cross-Sectional Study of Disparities as Determinants of 1-Year Injury Prevalence in Youth Football Programs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is "football for all" safe for all?: Cross-Sectional Study of Disparities as Determinants of 1-Year Injury Prevalence in Youth Football Programs
Show others...
2012 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 8, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Football (soccer) is endorsed as a health-promoting physical activity worldwide. When football programs are introduced as part of general health promotion programs, equal access and limitation of pre-participation disparities with regard to injury risk are important. The aim of this study was to explore if disparity with regard to parents' educational level, player body mass index (BMI), and self-reported health are determinants of football injury in community-based football programs, separately or in interaction with age or gender.

Methodology/Principal Findings

Four community football clubs with 1230 youth players agreed to participate in the cross-sectional study during the 2006 season. The study constructs (parents' educational level, player BMI, and self-reported health) were operationalized into questionnaire items. The 1-year prevalence of football injury was defined as the primary outcome measure. Data were collected via a postal survey and analyzed using a series of hierarchical statistical computations investigating associations with the primary outcome measure and interactions between the study variables. The survey was returned by 827 (67.2%) youth players. The 1-year injury prevalence increased with age. For youths with parents with higher formal education, boys reported more injuries and girls reported fewer injuries than expected; for youths with lower educated parents there was a tendency towards the opposite pattern. Youths reporting injuries had higher standardized BMI compared with youths not reporting injuries. Children not reporting full health were slightly overrepresented among those reporting injuries and underrepresented for those reporting no injury.

Conclusion

Pre-participation disparities in terms of parents' educational level, through interaction with gender, BMI, and self-reported general health are associated with increased injury risk in community-based youth football. When introduced as a general health promotion, football associations should adjust community-based youth programs to accommodate children and adolescents with increased pre-participation injury risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Plosone.org, 2012
Keyword
soccer, safety, injury risk, self report general health, gender, BMI
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33795 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0043795 (DOI)000308286300091 ()
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, 2007/82
Available from: 2014-09-23 Created: 2014-09-23 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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