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Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management in Guatemala
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Floods are a recurrent natural disaster in Guatemala. Heavy and prolonged rainfall often results in floods that affect people’s life and property. Several institutions and policy instruments at local, national or transnational level address flood management.

The purpose of this study is to provide useful insights of the institutional aspects of integrated flood management at local, national and transboundary level in Guatemala. Papers I and II, explore institutions at local level, paper III at national level, while paper IV addresses flood management institutions at transboundary level.

This research found that for the local and national level, there are several institutions concerned with flood management. In contrast, at transboundary level, and especially for international rivers, flood management institutions are largely absent.

At local level, the Local Councils for Development (COCODEs, the acronym in Spanish) are responsible for flood prevention and preparation. While some municipalities are active in flood prevention, response and recovery activities, their limited economic and technical resources restrict their scope of action.  Local stakeholders such as COCODEs, farmers groups and other actors are largely neglected in the decision making process. The National Coordinator for Risk Reduction to Disasters (CONRED, Coordinadora Nacional para Reducción de Desastres), the Secretariat for Planning and Programming of the Presidency (SEGEPLAN, Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia), the Guatemalan Ministry of Infrastructure and other national institutions are in charge of planning and implementing flood management strategies, leaving public involvement of local actors mainly to public consultation. At the Central American level, the Coordination Centre for Natural Disasters Prevention in Central America (CEPREDENAC, Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de Desastres Naturales en América Central), an institution part of the Central American Integration System (SICA by Spanish acronym), shall promote transboundary cooperation regarding disaster management, including flood management. However, transboundary flood management faces several challenges: territorial disputes and sovereignty issues over international rivers are significant obstacles to the implementation of integrated flood management programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. , 43 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1192
Keyword [en]
Guatemala, Floods, Integrated Flood Management, Institutional Aspects
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234303ISBN: 978-91-554-9076-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-234303DiVA: diva2:756011
Public defence
2014-12-01, Alex Hambergsalen, Earth Sciences Centre, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-07 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2015-02-03
List of papers
1. Stakeholders' views towards flood risk management in the Paz River catchment area of Guatemala and El Salvador
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stakeholders' views towards flood risk management in the Paz River catchment area of Guatemala and El Salvador
2015 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 20, no 8, 892-907 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The river Paz is a transboundary river that flows through Guatemala and El Salvador. Its frequent floods endanger the lives and livelihoods of downstream communities. Attempts have previously been made to develop flood management programmes for this watershed. However, these approaches were generally made by high-level governmental institutions with few if any contributions from floodplain communities and other stakeholders. Recognising that public consultation is a key aspect in flood management programmes, we intend in this work to extract different stakeholders' views regarding current and future flooding and flood management programmes in the Paz River basin. This is achieved using Future Scenarios Workshops with a projected time horizon of 30 years. The exercise was expected to identify consensual short- and medium–long-term flood management strategies for the Paz River basin that draws on input from inhabitants of flood-prone areas and other stakeholders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2015
Keyword
floods, flood management, stakeholder workshops, scenario building
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234293 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2013.874986 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Exploring Decentralization to Prepare Flood Early Warning Sysitems in Post-dictatorship Guatemala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Decentralization to Prepare Flood Early Warning Sysitems in Post-dictatorship Guatemala
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234301 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2014-12-17
3. Linking Flood Management to Integrated Water Resource Management in Guatemala: A critical review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking Flood Management to Integrated Water Resource Management in Guatemala: A critical review
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Keyword
Water Resource Governance, Flood Management, Guatemala
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234294 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2014-12-17
4. Disaster Management Cooperation in Central America: The Case of Rainfall-induced Natural Disasters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaster Management Cooperation in Central America: The Case of Rainfall-induced Natural Disasters
2015 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 97, no 1, 85-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rainfall-induced natural disasters rank first among all natural disasters in Central America. Due to the geographical conditions of the Central American region, it is common that two or more countries are struck by the same rainfall event, for example Hurricane Mitch in 1998 affected the entire Central American region, killing more than 18 000 people. As a consequence, Central American countries have started to promote regional policies and programs that aim for better preparation and response to these events, including disaster management cooperation. However, cooperation poses several challenges that may hinder its goals. In order to analyse these challenges, we present analysis in this paper of the current policy and legal institutions as well as the main challenges that may hinder international disaster management cooperation in Central America.

Keyword
Central America, Natural Disasters Management, International Cooperation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234296 (URN)10.1111/geoa.12095 (DOI)000350500400006 ()
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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