Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Micropropulsion systems research and manufacture in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Ångström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTC. (Ångström Space Technology Centre (ÅSTC), Ångström Space Technology Centre (ÅSTC))
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Materials Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Ångström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTC. (ÅSTC)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Materials Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Ångström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTC. (ÅSTC)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Materials Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Ångström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTC. (ÅSTC)
Show others and affiliations
2003 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4th Round Table on Micro/Nano Technology for Space, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESTEC/ESA , 2003, p. 476-485Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Micropropulsion for spacecraft is an enabling technology for many future missions, and may increase the performance and drastically reduce the mass required for advanced propulsion systems. The Swedish activities in micropropulsion at The Angstrom Space Technology Centre (ASTC) are outlined. The research targets two major issues: the development of system parts, and the research into integration techniques and strategies. This paper collects a multitude of devices relevant to the micropropulsion system design, together with representative functional demonstrations.

The items are mainly intended for chemical micropropulsion systems or fuel-feed systems for electric propulsion. In particular, gas handling devices, sensors, and actuators are presented. These include silicon nozzles, thin film heaters, suspended microcoil heaters, proportional piezoelectric valves, proportional and isolation valves using phase-change material, thermal throttle flow-regulators, high-pressure regulators, 3D-particle filters, and sensors for strain, pressure, flow, and thrust. Moreover, integration techniques and interface structures are presented, for example low-temperature plasma-assisted silicon wafer bonding, multiwafer bonding, thin film soldering, hermetic electric through-wafer via connections, and multiconnector through-wafer vias.

Emphasis is on how these items are designed to allow for system integration in a multiwafer silicon stack, comprising a complete micropropulsion system. In this manner, all items form a parts collection available to the system design. This strategy is exemplified by three micropropulsion systems researched at the ASTC.

First, the cold/hot gas micropropulsion system is suitable for small spacecraft or when the demands on stability and pointing precision are extreme. The system performance depends strongly on the use of gas flow control. The complete gas handling system of four independent thrusters is integrated in the assembly of four structured silicon wafers. Each independent thruster contains a proportional valve, sensors for pressure, temperature, and thrust feedback, a converging-diverging micronozzle, and a suspended microcoil heater. The mass of the system is below 60 g. In total, this will provide the spacecraft with a safe, clean, low-powered, redundant, and flexible system for three-axis stabilization and attitude control.

Second, a Xenon feed system for ion propulsion is heavily miniaturized using microsystems technology. Basically, a micromachined high-pressure regulator receives the gas from the storage, and the flow is further modulated by a thermally controlled flow restrictor. The flow restrictor microsystem comprises narrow ducts, thin film heaters, suspended parts for heat management, and flow sensors. Hereby, the amount of xenon required by the electric propulsion systems can be promptly delivered. The complete system mass is estimated to 150g.

Third, within the EU IST program, the ASTC participates in the development of a micro-pyrotechnic actuator system (Micropyros), suitable for short-duration space propulsion. The Micropyros integrate a full matrix of minute solid combustion rocket engines into panels situated on the spacecraft hull. The thrusters can be individually ignited, and each deliver thrust in the millinewton range. The ASTC focuses on the integration of the propulsion part by low-temperature bonding, and the characterization of the complete system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ESTEC/ESA , 2003. p. 476-485
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-47665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-47665DiVA, id: diva2:75572
Conference
4th Round Table conference, 20-22 May 2002, Nordwijk, The Nederlands
Available from: 2010-12-23 Created: 2007-01-16 Last updated: 2010-12-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(243 kB)1021 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 243 kBChecksum SHA-512
85f7241eb710f8ed23d7bf955d7815514431e201812a0b35ce9dbd3a063d190965ea7f3ff2452d2c9d2f6a7de4bca116f24e5990a3ce561509a7edbc782c7b4d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

https://escies.org/ReadArticle?docId=180
By organisation
Microsystems TechnologyÅngström Space Technology Centre, ÅSTCMaterials Science
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1021 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 934 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf