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Vårdmiljöns betydelse - ur ett patientperspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vårdmiljön har genom tiderna gått från att vara i fokus, till att bli åsidosatt till förmån för den medicintekniska utvecklingen och nu på senare år blir den igen allt mer uppmärksammad. Problem: Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i skapandet av en vårdmiljö men hur upplever patienten vårdmiljön? Syfte: Att belysa patientens upplevelser av vårdmiljön. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ inriktning med en beskrivande syntes som metod. Resultat: Utifrån patientens upplevelser av vårdmiljön identifierades tre teman med tillhörande subteman. Den omgivande miljön innefattande välkomnande och trygg samt estetikens betydelse. De viktiga relationerna innefattande sjuksköterskors omsorg och samspel med andra. Den inre kraften innefattande en holistisk syn samt delaktighet i vården. Slutsats: Patienterna upplevde både den yttre och den inre miljön som viktig och de båda miljöerna var i ett ständigt utbyte med varandra. Patienterna önskade uppleva en välkomnade och trygg omgivning vid ankomst till en vårdmiljö, miljön skulle även vara estetiskt tilltalande. Patienterna önskade goda relationer med sjuksköterskorna och samspel med de andra patienterna, de ville bli sedda med en holistisk syn samt vara delaktiga i sin egen vård.

Abstract [en]

Background: The healthcare environment has gone from being in focus, to be disregarded in favor of the medical progress and in recent years again becoming more and more attentive. Problem: The nurse has an important role in creating a care environment but how does the patient experience the care environment? Aim: To elucidate the patient's experience of the care environment in hospital settings. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach and a descriptive synthesis as method. Results: Based on the patient's perceptions of the care environment three themes with related subthemes were identified. The surrounding environment including welcoming and safe as well as the aesthetic importance. The important relationships including nursing care and interaction with others. The internal power including a holistic approach and involvement in care. Conclusion: Patients experienced both the external and internal environment as important, and the two environments are intertwined. Patients wanted to experience a welcoming and safe surrounding on arrival to a healthcare environment, they also wanted the environment to be aesthetically pleasing. Patients wanted good relations with nurses and interaction with the other patients, they wanted to be seen with a holistic view and participate in their own care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
aesthetic, Evans, experiences, healthcare environment, participation, Watson
Keyword [sv]
delaktighet, estetik, Evans, upplevelser, vårdmiljö, Watson
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-26103DiVA: diva2:755555
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-10-17 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2014-10-17Bibliographically approved

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