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Congestion Management at the Network Edge
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In the Internet of today there is a demand for both high bandwidth and low delays. Bandwidth-heavy applications such as large downloads or video streaming compete with more delay-sensitive applications; web-browsing, VoIP and video games. These applications represent a growing share of Internet traffic.

Buffers are an essential part of network equipment. They prevent packet loss and help maintain hight throughput. As bandwidths have increased so have the buffer sizes. In some cases way to much. This, and the fact that Active Queue Management (AQM) is seldom implemented, has given rise to a phenomenon called Bufferbloat.

Bufferbloat is manifested at the bottleneck of the network path by large flows creating standing queues that choke out smaller, and usually delay-sensitive, flows. Since the bottleneck is often located at the consumer edge, this is where the focus of this thesis lies.

This work evaluates three different AQM solutions that lower delays without requiring complicated configuration; CoDel, FQ_CoDel and PIE. FQ_CoDel had the best performance in the tests, with the lowest consistent delays and high throughput. This thesis recommends that AQM is implemented at the network edge, preferably FQ_CoDel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
National Category
Computer Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26082OAI: diva2:754020
Subject / course
Computer Science
2014-09-25, Kappa, Mälardalens Högskola, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-12-30Bibliographically approved

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Daneryd, Oscar
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