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Transport Services for Soft Real-Time Applications in IP Networks
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science. (Distributed Systems and Communications Research Group (DISCO))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4147-9487
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In recent years, Internet and IP technologies have made inroads into almost every commu- nication market ranging from best-effort services such as email and Web, to soft real-time applications such as VoIP, IPTV, and video. However, providing a transport service over IP that meets the timeliness and availability requirements of soft real-time applications has turned out to be a complex task. Although network solutions such as IntServ, DiffServ, MPLS, and VRRP have been suggested, these solutions many times fail to provide a trans- port service for soft real-time applications end to end. Additionally, they have so far only been modestly deployed. In light of this, this thesis considers transport protocols for soft real-time applications.

Part I of the thesis focuses on the design and analysis of transport protocols for soft real- time multimedia applications with lax deadlines such as image-intensive Web applications. Many of these applications do not need a completely reliable transport service, and to this end Part I studies so-called partially reliable transport protocols, i.e., transport protocols that enable applications to explicitly trade reliability for improved timeliness. Specifically, Part I investigates the feasibility of designing retransmission-based, partially reliable transport protocols that are congestion aware and fair to competing traffic. Two transport protocols are presented in Part I, PRTP and PRTP-ECN, which are both extensions to TCP for partial reliability. Simulations and theoretical analysis suggest that these transport protocols could give a substantial improvement in throughput and jitter as compared to TCP. Additionally, the simulations indicate that PRTP-ECN is TCP friendly and fair against competing congestion- aware traffic such as TCP flows. Part I also presents a taxonomy for retransmission-based, partially reliable transport protocols.

Part II of the thesis considers the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), which was developed by the IETF to transfer telephony signaling traffic over IP. The main focus of Part II is on evaluating the SCTP failover mechanism. Through extensive experiments, it is suggested that in order to meet the availability requirements of telephony signaling, SCTP has to be configured much more aggressively than is currently recommended by IETF. Fur- thermore, ways to improve the transport service provided by SCTP, especially with regards to the failover mechanism, are suggested. Part II also studies the effects of Head-of-Line Blocking (HoLB) on SCTP transmission delays. HoLB occurs when packets in one flow block packets in another, independent, flow. The study suggests that the short-term effects of HoLB could be substantial, but that the long-term effects are marginal. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2006. , 303 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2006:8
Keyword [en]
transport protocol, congestion control, partial reliability, soft real-time, SCTP, failover, SIGTRAN, head-of-line blocking
National Category
Research subject
Computer Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33929ISBN: 91-7063-046-1OAI: diva2:751919
Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Grinnemo, Karl-Johan
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