Public Health Aspects of Pharmaceutical Prescription Patterns: Exemplified by treatments for prevention of cardiovascular disease
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Public health aspects of pharmaceutical prescription patterns: Exemplified by treatments for prevention of cardiovascular disease. Louise Silwer. ISBN: 978-91-85721-18-4 ISSN: 0283-1961Main aim:To study patterns and trends of dispensed prescriptions, to explore what proportion of the population is exposed to some of the more prevalently prescribed pharmaceuticals, and to find possible ways of measuring drug-induced adverse symptoms in the population. Further, to illuminate conditions surrounding prescribing in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Methods: In three descriptive studies of prescription patterns, prescription data at aggregate level from a Swedish county were analysed retrospectively, and proportions were calculated. Data from the first ten years of the studies were obtained from a local prescription study, and data from another five years were local data from a national prescription survey. Data from a Danish database (OPED), with data at the individual level, were used for a prescription sequence symmetry analysis, and when Swedish national prescription data at the individual level became accessible, they were used for calculations of drug prevalence in the entire Swedish population. In a qualitative analysis of interview data, a phenomenographic approach was used. Main results: The purchase of pharmaceuticals on prescription almost doubled in the studied county in the period 1988-2002. Some common pharmaceuticals that increased to a great extent among the older part of the population were cardiovascular preventive drugs, such as antihypertensive and lipid modifying agents, and also hormone replacement therapy for women. In 2005, over half of all Swedish citizens, aged 60 or over, purchased antihypertensive or lipid modifying preparations during a six-month period. The different views that were found among GPs, regarding beliefs and practical management of primary prevention of CVD, could be interpreted as a reflection of the complexity of patient counselling in primary prevention in practice. Conclusion: The increase in dispensed prescriptions over the 15 years and the magnitude of the prevalence of the studied pharmaceuticals, such as antihypertensive, lipid modifying and hormonal treatments, which to a great extent are used by ‘healthy’ people, point to the need of following-up both beneficial and harmful consequences on public health. The prevalence of preventive treatments together with the variation in views of administration of primary prevention of cardiovascular disease, also point to the need of clarification of guidelines regarding pharmaceutical primary prevention and encouragement of therapy discussions among GPs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordic School of Public Health NHV Göteborg, Sweden , 2007. , 61 p.
NHV Reports and Doctor of Public Health-Theses, ISSN 0283-1961 ; NHV Rapport 2007:4
pharmacoepidemiology, prevalence, drug use, adverse effects, primary care, primary prevention, cardiovascular, antihypertensives, lipid modifying agents, public health, Sweden
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3425ISBN: 978-91-85721-18-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3425DiVA: diva2:749295
2007-09-25, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Göteborg, Sweden, 13:00 (English)
Holme Hansen, Ebba, Professor
Stålsby Lundborg, Cecilia
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