The role of poor rural families economic situation in the decision-making process concerning migration: A field study conducted in Kebumen Regency, Java, Indonesia
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The main objective of this bachelor thesis is to analyse the dynamic and complex decision-making process that households with temporary overseas migrating family members do before migrating. The aim of this thesis is to understand why this phenomenon occurs in less developed areas, though the background of the thesis is trying to address the need of positive relationship between migration and development.
Based on the theorectical benchmark of neoclassical microeconomic theory and new economics of labour migration theory certain factors were identified that could influence the decision to migrate. By using a mixed method with qualitative semi-structed face-to-face interviews combined with a survey of nine question relating to specific factors this study was able to create an understanding of the reality of migrant households, though a micro field study was conducted in Kebumen regency in Indonesia. The findings clearly shows that temporary overseas migration from less developed areas is a household decision that is influenced by local gender aspects and addressed by new well-functioning established markets for overseas work. Our findings also suggests that temporary migration is a way for the family to spread their risks, related to income and farming activites, and to achive further development, where other markets and institutions do not meet their needs. Policies regarding these gender aspects and the need of institutions that could improve the situation are recommended though remittances in that case might have a more long-term sustainable impact on the households.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 68 p.
Indonesia, external migration, domestic worker, low-skilled, new labour of
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-37154OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-37154DiVA: diva2:748822
Hammarstedt, MatsAldén, Lina