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Anhöriga har det lika jobbigt dom, som står på andra sidan.”: En kartläggning av de civila organisationerna i Karlstad och vilket stöd de kan ge anhöriga som har barn eller ungdomar som missbrukar droger.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I det samhälle vi lever idag ser vi en avsaknad av de sociala band som fanns i tidigare samhällen.Detta numera individualistiska samhälle skapar en otrygghet föryngre människor. De individer som inneharsvagt socialt kapital, där sociala band ingår, fastnar lättarei en missbruksproblematik.

Målet med denna studie var att undersöka det fält, som kallas för den tredje sektorn eller civilsamhället. Vi var intresserade avdetstödoch vilka möjligheter detharatterbjuda till de signifikanta andra, där det finnsbarn eller ungdomar som har fastnat i ett drogrelateratberoende. Studien utgörsom en kartläggning över de civila organisationerna, som handhar missbruks-problematik,i Karlstad.

Datainsamlingsmetoden var semi-strukturerade intervjuer Samtligadata är kartlagdmed hjälp av analys och kodning som lett fram till kategorier. 

Anknytning till tre teorier har gjorts: empowerment, socialt kapital och det salutogena perspektivet med KASAM. De teoretiker som är kopplade till dessa är:Bourdieu,Coleman,Putnamoch Antonovsky.

Resultatet visar att det finns ett visst stöd från den tredje sektorn för anhöriga till missbrukande barn eller ungdomar.Våra respondenter påpekar att de önskar en utvidgning av stödet till anhöriga. Detta för att om anhöriga stärks så är chansenstörreatt den unge blir av med och bibehåller sin frånvaro från droger. Huvudkategorin som framkom genom data benämns som Civilsamhällets stöd. Studien redovisar även fyra underkategorier med tillhörande teman. Följande är de fyra underkategorierna: Individens möjligheter, Avsaknad av stöd, Socialarelationer och Organisationens stöd.

I diskussionen tas upp huruvida vi har nått fram till vårt syfte och vår problemformulering. Vi diskuterar även om vi kunde ha gått tillväga på något annat sätt i datainsamlingen.

En framtida forskning kan göras på vårt resultat genom att en utvidgning avstudien kommer till stånd med exempelvis en inblandning av myndigheter eller andra kommuner och göra en jämförelse i vilket stöd de erbjuder och hur de utför detta stöd. Det fanns även en förfrågan hos respondenterna att få veta hur de anhöriga uppfattar det stöd som sektor tre ger i dag samt hur de känner inför det saknade stödetfrån samhället i övrigt. 

Om de civila organisationerna skulle försvinna eller minska i omfattning, skulle det medföra att möjligheten till stöd för anhöriga skulleminska och inte bara få dem att må sämre än de annars behöver må i denna drogprocess samt att det skulle vara mycket negativt för det arbete som dagligen sker från dessa organisationer medatt motverka ett beroende av droger.

Före vår studie fanns det ingenliknande undersökning på detta område inom Karlstad kommun.Av denna anledninghar vi förhoppningaratt vårt arbete ska ledatill en utveckling inom detta fältet .Vi har även förväntningar på att studien ska leda till ett vidare samarbete mellan sektor tre och sektor ett. Detta för att de ekonomiska delarna verkar vara högre i den sistnämnda sektorn, så att fler anhöriga ska få möjlighet till stöd, utan att sektor tre för den skull skall behöva varaberoende av sektor ett.

Abstract [en]

In the society we live today, we see a lack of social bondthat existed in earlier societies.This, now individualistic society, creates insecurity, especially for younger people.Those individuals who hold weak social capital, where social ties are included, easily collects in a drug abuse problems. 

The aim of this study was to investigate the field, which is called the third sector or civil society. We were interested in the support and the opportunities they have to offer to the significant other, where there are children or young people who are stuck in a drug-related addiction. It was conducted as a survey of the civilian organizations, dealing with substance abuse problems, inKarlstad.

Data collection method was semi-structured interviews.All the data is the review using analysisand coding that led to the categories.

Related to the three theories have been made : empowerment , social capital and the salutogenic perspective with SOC. The theorists who are linked to these are: Bourdieu. Coleman, Putnam and Antonovsky.

The result demonstrates that there is some support from the third sector for relatives who have. Our respondents pointed out that they want an extension of support to relatives. This is so that if families are strengthened so chances are much higher that the young loseand maintain their absence from drugs. The main category that emerged through the data is referred to as the civil society support. The study also reports four sub-categories and related themes. The following are the four sub-categories: Individual opportunities, Lack of support,Social relationships and Support the organization.

The discussion included whether we have reached our purpose and problem definition. We also discuss whether we could have proceeded otherwise in data collection.

Future research can be done on our results by an extension of the study comes about , for example, interference by authorities or other local authorities and make a comparison of what support they offer and how they perform this support. There was also a request of respondents to learn about the relatives perceive the aid sector three offers today and how they feel about the missing support from the community in general. 

In the society we live today, we see a lack of social bondthat existed in earlier societies.This, now individualistic society, creates insecurity, especially for younger people.Those individuals who hold weak social capital, where social ties are included, easily collects in a drug abuse problems. 

The aim of this study was to investigate the field, which is called the third sector or civil society. We were interested in the support and the opportunities they have to offer to the significant other, where there are children or young people who are stuck in a drug-related addiction. It was conducted as a survey of the civilian organizations, dealing with substance abuse problems, inKarlstad.

Data collection method was semi-structured interviews.All the data is the review using analysisand coding that led to the categories.

Related to the three theories have been made : empowerment , social capital and the salutogenic perspective with SOC. The theorists who are linked to these are: Bourdieu. Coleman, Putnam and Antonovsky.

The result demonstrates that there is some support from the third sector for relatives who have. Our respondents pointed out that they want an extension of support to relatives. This is so that if families are strengthened so chances are much higher that the young loseand maintain their absence from drugs. The main category that emerged through the data is referred to as the civil society support. The study also reports four sub-categories and related themes. The following are the four sub-categories: Individual opportunities, Lack of support,Social relationships and Support the organization.

The discussion included whether we have reached our purpose and problem definition. We also discuss whether we could have proceeded otherwise in data collection.

Future research can be done on our results by an extension of the study comes about , for example, interference by authorities or other local authorities and make a comparison of what support they offer and how they perform this support. There was also a request of respondents to learn about the relatives perceive the aid sector three offers today and how they feel about the missing support from the community in general 

In the society we live today, we see a lack of social bondthat existed in earlier societies.This, now individualistic society, creates insecurity, especially for younger people.Those individuals who hold weak social capital, where social ties are included, easily collects in a drug abuse problems. 

The aim of this study was to investigate the field, which is called the third sector or civil society. We were interested in the support and the opportunities they have to offer to the significant other, where there are children or young people who are stuck in a drug-related addiction. It was conducted as a survey of the civilian organizations, dealing with substance abuse problems, inKarlstad.

Data collection method was semi-structured interviews.All the data is the review using analysisand coding that led to the categories.

Related to the three theories have been made : empowerment , social capital and the salutogenic perspective with SOC. The theorists who are linked to these are: Bourdieu. Coleman, Putnam and Antonovsky.

The result demonstrates that there is some support from the third sector for relatives who have. Our respondents pointed out that they want an extension of support to relatives. This is so that if families are strengthened so chances are much higher that the young loseand maintain their absence from drugs. The main category that emerged through the data is referred to as the civil society support. The study also reports four sub-categories and related themes. The following are the four sub-categories: Individual opportunities, Lack of support,Social relationships and Support the organization.

The discussion included whether we have reached our purpose and problem definition. We also discuss whether we could have proceeded otherwise in data collection.

Future research can be done on our results by an extension of the study comes about, for example, interference by authorities or other local authorities and make a comparison of what support they offer and how they perform this support. There was also a request of respondents to learn about the relatives perceive the aid sector three offers today and how they feel about the missing support from the community in general.

If civil unions were to disappear or reduce in scope, it would result in the ability to support dependents would decrease and not only make them feel worse than they would otherwise need to feel in this drug process and that it would be very negative for the work day occurs from these organizations in combating an addiction to drugs .

Before our study, there was nothing like it in this area within the municipality of Karlstad. For this reason, we hope that our work will lead to developments in this area. We also expect that the study will lead to further cooperation between the three sectors and a sector.This is because of the economic aspects seems to be higher in the latter sector, so that more families will have the opportunity to support, but that sector three for that matter should have to feel dependent on one sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 65 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099Studier i de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik
Keyword [sv]
anhöriga, missbrukare, medberoende, frivillig organisationer, civilsamhället.
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33729OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33729DiVA: diva2:747872
Subject / course
Sociology; Sociology
Educational program
Master Programme in Social Science: Focus Sociology (120 ECTS credits); Master Programme in Social Science: Focus Sociology (120 ECTS credits)
Presentation
2014-06-04, 3A 508, UNIVERSITETET, KARLSTAD, 14:59 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-09-18 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2014-09-18Bibliographically approved

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