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Experienced quality of the intimate relationship in first-time parents: Qualitative and quantitative studies
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV. Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordic School of Public Health NHV Göteborg, Sweden , 2004. , 83 p.
Series
NHV Reports and Doctor of Public Health-Theses, ISSN 0283-1961 ; Report 2004:2
Keyword [en]
Intimacy, First-time Parents, Dyadic, Relationship, Marital Quality, Marital Satisfaction, Sexuality, Communication, Duadic Adjustment Scale, Descriptive phenmenologu, Quality content Analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3385ISBN: 91-7997-072-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3385DiVA: diva2:747810
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-18 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Quality of intimate and sexual relationship in first-time parents six months after delivery.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of intimate and sexual relationship in first-time parents six months after delivery.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Sex Research, ISSN 0022-4499, E-ISSN 1559-8519, Vol. 42, no 2, 167-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to describe the quality of the intimate relationship among parents six months after the birth of their first child. The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) has been modified and used on 820 responding first-time parents, of which 768 were couples. The results reveal that most parents were happy in their relationship, but both mothers and fathers were discontented with the dyadic sexuality. "Being too tired for sexual activity" was a problem, especially for the mothers, and the most common frequency of intercourse was once or twice per month. The result does not support the assumption that the couples compensate the lacking sexuality with sensuality. Good communication within the couple was associated with higher levels of several dimensions of the intimate relationship, especially dyadic consensus and satisfaction. Thus, one way to stabilize and strengthen a relationship when dyadic sexual activity is low would be to emphasize dyadic communication and sexual activity.

Keyword
Dyadic Adjustment, Scale, Intimate Relationship, Communication, Sensuality, Sexuality
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3382 (URN)10.1080/00224490509552270 (DOI)16123847 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Assessing the quality of the dyadic relationship in first-time parents: development of a new instrument.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the quality of the dyadic relationship in first-time parents: development of a new instrument.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 11, no 1, 19-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this research was to psychometrically evaluate the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS), modified for use with new, first-time parents by extending the items of communication, sensuality, and sexuality. A total of 820 Swedish respondents, 6 months after the birth of their first child, participated in the study. Psychometric evaluation was conducted with factor analysis. The obtained factor structure was tested with multitrait analysis program. Thirty-three items were found to fit into a five-factor solution, explaining 50% of the total variance. Descriptive data revealed that most new parents were satisfied with their intimate relationship in general, but dissatisfied with their sexual lives. The modified DAS, now called the Quality of Dyadic Relationship Instrument includes 33 items and seems to be a useful, updated measurement for assessing quality of the intimate relationship in new first-time parents.

Keyword
Evaluation Study, Dyadic Adjustment, Scale, Quality of Dyadic Relationship
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3383 (URN)10.1177/1074840704273462 (DOI)16287816 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. The baby was the focus of attention - first-time parents' experiences of their intimate relationship.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The baby was the focus of attention - first-time parents' experiences of their intimate relationship.
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 15, no 4, 318-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The baby was the focus of attention - first-time parents' experience of their intimate relationship. The purpose of this study was to describe the phenomenon of 'first-time parents' intimate relationship', to focus on their mental health, and the ability to support them professionally. Ten Swedish parents (five couples) were interviewed on two occasions, when the first baby was 6 and 18 months old, respectively. A descriptive phenomenological method was used. The findings show that the essence of the phenomenon is 'The baby was the focus of attention'. This had different meanings for the couples, putting them in two categories. For the first category, the essence was that the baby was the focus of mutual concern, which implied a fostered relationship. The strain of parenthood in this category was mild. In the second category, the baby was focused on at the expense of the father, who felt rejected emotionally. This impaired the relationship and parenthood involved a severe strain. The way the spouses communicated differed between the two categories. This study shows that mental health can be affected, especially among first-time fathers, and this could jeopardize the relationship and family health. An awareness of this fact is needed among the health professionals giving care to first-time parents.

Keyword
First time parents, Intimate relationship, Strain, Baby-focused, Communication
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3381 (URN)12453173 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. Factors influencing the quality of intimate relationships six months after delivery--first-time parents' own views and coping strategies.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors influencing the quality of intimate relationships six months after delivery--first-time parents' own views and coping strategies.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 27, no 3, 163-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe and analyze first-time parents' experiences of factors that affect the quality of their intimate relationship and the way they cope with their situation six months after delivery. The method used was inductive qualitative content analysis of two open questions in a larger questionnaire. The data is based on 535 respondents' statements. The factors affecting the quality of the intimate relationship were available or missing and could be classified into four categories. 1. 'Coping by adjustment to parental role', e.g., mutual support as new parents, 2. 'The couple's 'intimacy', i.e., togetherness and love, 3. 'Coping by communication', i.e., verbal and non-verbal mutual confirmation, and 4. 'Coping with external conditions', e.g., by seeking social support. The results are described in a model, which could constitute a basis for the promotion of health in family health care, with the aim, if possible, of preventing unnecessary separations/divorces after couples become parents.

Keyword
Parenting, Intimate Relationships, Sexuality, Coping
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3384 (URN)17214451 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
5. First-time parents' sexual relationships.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-time parents' sexual relationships.
2000 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Sexology, ISSN 1398-2966, Vol. 3, no 4, 127-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Describes the phenomenon termed, "First-time parents' sexual relationship". The qualitative descriptive phenomenological method was applied for the material from the interviews. Ten couples (aged 24–42 yrs) were interviewed separately and undisturbed on a single occasion, when the first baby was nine-months-old. The results indicated that the essence of the phenomenon described in this study pertained to sexual desire. The significance of the concept differed among parents. Some couples lacked the time and energy for each other due to the presence of the baby but compensated for their desires with reciprocal tenderness alternating with that shown to the baby. Some couples assigned time actively for each other which enabled them to enjoy their sexual desire. One couple was forced to control their sexual desires due to severe mucus infection. However, this couple compensated with caressing and thereby confirmed each other emotionally and sexually. Certain mothers longed for desire or emotional confirmation. These couples lacked the ability to assign time and show interest reciprocally, as well as an ineffective communication. Their relationships were characterized by misunderstandings and unarticulated demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dansk psykologisk Forlag (, Denmark), 2000
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3380 (URN)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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