Electrochemical performance of reversible molten carbonate fuel cells
2014 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 39, no 23, 12323-12329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The electrochemical performance of a state-of-the-art molten carbonate cell was investigated in both fuel cell (MCFC) and electrolysis cell (MCEC) modes by using polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results show that it is feasible to run a reversible molten carbonate fuel cell and that the cell actually exhibits lower polarization in the MCEC mode, at least for the short-term tests undertaken in this study. The Ni hydrogen electrode and the NiO oxygen electrode were also studied in fuel cell and electrolysis cell modes under different operating conditions, including temperatures and gas compositions. The polarization of the Ni hydrogen electrode turned out to be slightly higher in the electrolysis cell mode than in the fuel cell mode at all operating temperatures and water contents. This was probably due to the slightly larger mass-transfer polarization rather than to charge-transfer polarization according to the impedance results. The CO2 content has an important effect on the Ni electrode in electrolysis cell mode. Increasing the CO2 content the Ni electrode exhibits slightly lower polarization in the electrolysis cell mode. The NiO oxygen electrode shows lower polarization loss in the electrolysis cell mode than in the fuel cell mode in the temperature range of 600-675 degrees C. The impedance showed that both charge-transfer and mass-transfer polarization of the NiO electrode are lower in the electrolysis cell than in the fuel cell mode.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 39, no 23, 12323-12329 p.
Molten carbonate electrolysis cell, Ni electrode, NiO electrode, Reversible molten carbonate fuel cell
Chemical Process Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150929DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.02.144ISI: 000340328800055ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84904768004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150929DiVA: diva2:746237
QC 201506232014-09-122014-09-112016-04-20Bibliographically approved