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Volontärturism: -En studie om volontärers engagemang i Kenya
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Volunteer tourism : -A study of volunteers’ engagement in Kenya (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats uppmärksammar fenomenet volontärturism som anses vara mer utav en välgörande form av resa, där volontärer anmäler sig frivilligt att arbeta ideellt med olika projekt runt om i världen, en turismform som är ömsesidigt fördelaktig för båda parter. Volontärer reser själva eller med en organisation till olika länder för att erbjuda sin tid och hjälp i olika projekt, bland annat för att få erfarenhet och en upplevelse i retur.

Syftet med denna studie är att begreppsliggöra vad volontärturism är och dess innebörd, samt undersöka hur en volontärturists vardag ser ut, innefattande deras arbetsuppgifter, förpliktelser och upplevelser i Kenya. Sedermera undersöker vi även volontärturisternas förväntningar kontra den faktiska upplevelsen på deras resa till värdnationen.  För att få svar på vårt syfte och frågeställningar har vi genomfört intervjuer med åtta volontärer, varav två skedde på plats i Nairobi, Kenya, samt sex intervjuer per mail. Vidare genomfördes intervjuer med två olika volontärorganisationer, nationella samt internationella. Organisationerna som intervjuades var ICYE och PeaceWorks. Det finns både ideella- och kommersiella organisationer som förmedlar volontärer till olika projekt runt om i världen. Vi har valt att rikta in oss på ideella organisationer, dessa två nämnda ovan.

 

De resultat som framkom av intervjuerna var bland annat huruvida volontärturism anses vara en turismform eller ej går att diskuteras. Vissa likheter i definitionerna av turist samt volontärturist framkom, dock såg inte volontärerna sig själva som turister. Vidare framkom det att det kulturella utbytet som sker vid volontärresor var något som lockade samt något volontärerna saknade vid hemkomsten.

 

På plats i värdnationen arbetade informanterna inom mikrofinans samt på barnhem där lek med barnen och vardagssysslor präglade dagarna. Projekten som erbjuds varierar men de mest vanliga är att arbeta på barnhem, utbildning, miljö- och naturfrågor och medicinsk hjälp. På fritiden valde majoriteten att upptäcka landet samt kringliggande länder, så som Zanzibar och Uganda. Genom intervjuerna fick vi även veta vem den typiska volontären var, innefattande målgrupp, kön samt ålder. Utifrån informationen vi mottog, analyserade vi resultatet för att senare dra slutsatser. 

Abstract [en]

This paper draws attention to the phenomenon of volunteer tourism that is considered to be more of a beneficial form of travel, where volunteers sign up voluntarily to volunteer with various projects around the world, a form of tourism that is mutually beneficial to both parties.

The projects vary but the most common is to work in orphanages, education, environmental and natural issues and medical assistance. The purpose of this study is to conceptualize what volunteer tourism is and its implications, and examine how a volunteer tourist everyday looks, including their duties, responsibilities and experiences in Kenya. Later on, we also investigate the volunteer tourists' expectations versus the actual experience on their journey to the host nation. To get answers to our purpose and research questions, we conducted interviews with eight volunteers, two of which took place in Nairobi, Kenya, and six interviews by email.

Furthermore, interviews were conducted with two different volunteer organizations, national and international. The organizations interviewed were ICYE and PeaceWorks. There are both non-profit- and commercial organizations that supply volunteers for various projects around the world. We have chosen to target the non-profit organizations, those two mentioned above.

The results that emerged from the interviews were that whether volunteer tourism is considered a form of tourism or not can be discussed. Some similarities in the definitions of tourism and volunteer tourism emerged, however, did not the volunteers see themselves as tourists. It was also found that the cultural exchange that takes place at the volunteer travel was something that attracted and some volunteers were missing when they returned back home.

On location in the host nation informants worked in microfinance and in orphanages where playing with the kids and everyday tasks characterized the days. The projects that offered vary, but the most common is to work in orphanages, education, environmental and natural issues and medical assistance. During leisure, the majority chose to discover the country and the surrounding countries, such as Zanzibar and Uganda. Through the interviews we also found out who the typical volunteer was, including target group, gender and age. Based on the information we received, we analyzed the results and later draw conclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Volunteer, Tourism, Volunteer Tourism, Volunteer Tourist, Kenya
Keyword [sv]
Turism, Volontärturism, Volontärturist, Volontär, Kenya
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33639DiVA: diva2:745948
Subject / course
Tourism studies
Educational program
Tourism Programme (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-11 Last updated: 2014-09-15Bibliographically approved

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