One- and Three-dimensional P- and S-wave Velocity Models of Central and Southern Sweden Based on SNSN Data
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
The velocity structures of southern and central part of Sweden have been derived with the local tomography (LET) method. The region has been divided into two study areas and the datasets come from the P- and S-wave traveltimes recorded by the Swedish National Seismic Network (SNSN). Man-made explosions and earthquakes occurring over the period of 5 years and 10 years, respectively, within the study areas have been used. One-dimensional starting models were derived based on an a priori model obtained from the SNSN, that were later used for starting models in the inversion for the 3-D crustal structures of the study areas. Attempts were also made to invert for Moho topography in the areas. The study areas are found to have an upper-crustal thickness of approximately 20 to 25 km and the Moho boundaries vary from 42 to 46 km in depth. The Vp/Vs ratios varies from about 1.68 to 1.78. The LET method appear to resolve the different between the Sveconorgwegian and Svecofennian orogen regions, but the stations and sources are too sparsely distributed for higher resolution models. The seismicity in the study areas are distributed in two distinctive depth ranges. The focal depth of the SNSN catalogued earthquakes concentrated in approximately 5 km and 15 - 20 km depth. Relocations of the earthquakes using a global search method reduced this tendency. The results also show that using 3-D models produces less biased results than using 1-D models with the same relocation method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 50 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 294
Seismic tomography, seismicity, local earthquake tomography, Sweden, seismic network
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-231929DiVA: diva2:745910
Subject / course
Master Programme in Physics
, Geocentrum, Villav. 16, 752 36, Uppsala (English)
Tryggvason, Ari, Forskare