Urban agroforestry: For developing ecosystem services in urban forests
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
As urbanisation increases choices in how to use green areas within cities growin importance, determining how several urban sustainability issues will play out. In urban environment the role for forest, both inside and at the city borders, is most important for the well-being of city inhabitants from several species, as well as provider of numerous ecosystem services necessary for anthropogenic development. Despite this,urban green areas are often given a lower priority in city developing processes compared to new structures, meaning them being transformed into built environments. This makes a higher awareness of what urban forests provides, and can provide, evident.
Thus, this bachelor thesis presents the idea of urban agroforestry. The focus is towards agroforestry systems as they can be adapted and applied in a Swedish context.
Firstly, literature review is used for investigating the concepts of urban forest, ecosystem services and agroforestry, defining and connecting them. Some of the critique towards the ecosystem services concept is lifted, as well as some specific ecosystem services directly connected to urban forest. Also, recent Swedish development in the agroforestry field is mapped and briefly described.
Further, knowledge from this is adapted to the settings in Östersund, developing suggestions for construction of actual urban agroforestry systems. This part describes the local possibilities for urban agroforestry, as well as suitable urban forest areas, species and things to take into consideration in terms of risk assessment.
Finally, the thesis also presents some suggestions for how to account for the change in ecosystem services in a more mathematical way. This is followed by discussion of both general findings and the local agroforestry potential, as well as some suggestions for focus points in further studies.
This study shows that despite the cold climate in Sweden, urban agroforestry provides an interesting potential for preservation of ecosystem services as well as reconstruction of historical landscapes. It further suggests that urban agroforestry systems within Östersund should be focused on cultural services rather than high yields, by this aiming to connect to numerous local interests seen as defining for the region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 39 p.
urban forest, ecosystem services, agroforestry, local food production, city planning, environmental science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-22819OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-22819DiVA: diva2:745106
Subject / course
Ecotechnology and Environmental Science
Ecotechnology NEKOG 180 higher education credits
2014-06-03, Campus Östersund, F234, Östersund, 10:40 (English)
Van den Brink, Lena
Fröling, Morgan, Professor