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Biologiskt nedbrytbar polymer  som flockningskemikalie: En jämförande studie över stärkelsebaserad polymer och polyakrylamid vid Norrmejeriers biogasanläggning
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this study an investigation was made on whether a petroleum based polyelectrolyte could be replaced by a biodegradable polymer. This was done to enable the use of sludge from the biogas plant of the dairy in Umeå, Sweden, as fertilizer. The properties and effectiveness of a starch based polyelectrolyte were compared to polyacrylamide in laboratory tests. Other biodegradable polyelectrolytes were also presented. The tests were made on sludge from the dairy. In tests with a waste water with a low dry substance content (<0,1 %) the dewatering effects were similar between polyacrylamide and the starch based polymer. Starch had a small effect on dewatering sludge with a higher dry substance content (4 %). Cellulose fibers in combination with starch increased the amount of dewatered sludge, but polyacrylamide was still the most effective polyelectrolyte. A starch based polymer could be an alternative to polyacrylamide, if cellulose fibers are added. Other biodegradable polyelectrolytes which could have sufficient dewatering effects are chitosan and tannins. There were methodical problems in this study with the accuracy of measuring dry substance content and a difference in dilution of sludge samples when adding chemicals. To proceed in the search for biodegradable alternatives to polyacrylamide at the biogas plant the first step is to develop reliable methods for evaluating the effects of different polyelectrolytes.

 

Key words: dewatering, sludge, polyelectrolyte, biodegradable

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 24 p.
Keyword [sv]
avvattning, slam, flockningskemikalie, biologiskt nedbrybar
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92893OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92893DiVA: diva2:744911
External cooperation
Norrmejerier
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
Available from: 2014-09-09 Created: 2014-09-09 Last updated: 2014-09-09Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(341 kB)716 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 341 kBChecksum SHA-512
836edce85836eeaac70be4d8ee29c232f14fc8dce8ce6ae9fe283ec5d786d663a47a71220e14200dda8d71c0faf6b98e2278e4f829a3b45c7a594834dc858deb
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
Natural Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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