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Bilen, ett tekniskt system: 3-åringars uppfattning kring bilen som ett tekniskt system och dess komponenter
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The car, a technical system : 3-year-olds view around the car as a technical system and their components (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the survey is to find out what perception children in preschool have about the car as a technical system, how its components interact, and also their perception on various components of the traffic system. Qualitative interviews were conducted with eleven children in the age of three about their experiences on this.

 

The result shows that most of the children in the study have experience on the components that are most prominent on a car such as steering wheel, wheels and engine. The results are mixed in terms of knowledge of the components' importance and how they interact with each other. The survey also shows that the children who have the greatest knowledge of the components' importance are those who have been with an adult when changing tires, refueling, minor repairs, etc. According to the results, most of the kids know that there must be roads to drive on and they recognize for example traffic lights and Mr. Gårman plate available at pedestrian crossings. However, there is general uncertainty about the significance of them.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med undersökningen är att ta reda på vad barn i förskolan har för uppfattning om bilen som ett tekniskt system, hur dess komponenter samverkar, samt vad de har för uppfattning kring olika komponenter i trafiksystemet. För att ta reda på det har kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med elva barn i treårsåldern om deras erfarenheter kring detta.

 

Resultatet visar att de flesta barnen i undersökningen har erfarenhet av de komponenter som är mest framträdande på en bil som t.ex. ratt, hjul och motor. Resultatet är blandat vad gäller kunskapen kring komponenternas betydelse och samverkan med varandra. Undersökningen visar också att de barn som har störst kunskap kring komponenternas betydelse också är de som fått vara med någon vuxen vid däckbyte, tankning, enklare reparationer etc. Enligt resultatet har de flesta av barnen kunskap om att det måste finnas vägar att köra på och de känner igen t.ex. trafikljus och Herr Gårmanskylten som finns vid övergångsställen. Däremot finns överlag en osäkerhet kring betydelsen av dem. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, car, preschool, technical systems, components
Keyword [sv]
Barn, bil, förskola, tekniskt system, komponenter
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33580DiVA: diva2:744867
Subject / course
Teacher Education - Science and Engineering
Educational program
Teacher education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-29 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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Marie-Louise Exjobb slutversion 140609(939 kB)566 downloads
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ae34f1f15647210d80d367e6ebe170b86b90a92c1031c05c4598ec8cca5d1f4817d36cfe4c02f07091a0a4361ed0226fdc4234dc96433631b68a1795fa96ed32
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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