In-beam test of the Boron-10 Multi-Grid neutron detector at the IN6 time-of-flight spectrometer at the ILL
2014 (English)In: INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON NEUTRON OPTICS AND DETECTORS (NOPandD 2013), IOP Publishing: Conference Series / Institute of Physics (IoP) , 2014, Vol. 528, no 012040Conference paper (Refereed)
A neutron detector concept based on solid layers of boron carbide enriched in 1 B has been in development for the last few years as an alternative for He-3 by collaboration between the ILL, ESS and Linkoping University. This Multi-Grid detector uses layers of aluminum substrates coated with (B4C)-B-10 on both sides that are traversed by the incoming neutrons. Detection is achieved using a gas counter readout principle. By segmenting the substrate and using multiple anode wires, the detector is made inherently position sensitive. This development is aimed primarily at neutron scattering instruments with large detector areas, such as time-of-flight chopper spectrometers. The most recent prototype has been built to be interchangeable with the He-3 detectors of IN6 at ILL. The 1 B detector has an active area of 32 x 48 cm(2). It was installed at the IN6 instrument and operated for several weeks, collecting data in parallel with the regularly scheduled experiments, thus providing the first side-by-side comparison with the conventional He-3 detectors. Results include an efficiency comparison, assessment of the in-detector scattering contribution, sensitivity to gamma-rays and the signal-to-noise ratio in time-of-flight spectra. The good expected performance has been confirmed with the exception of an unexpected background count rate. This has been identified as natural alpha activity in aluminum. New convertor substrates are under study to eliminate this source of background.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP Publishing: Conference Series / Institute of Physics (IoP) , 2014. Vol. 528, no 012040
, Journal of Physics Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588 ; 528
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110299DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/528/1/012040ISI: 000340245000040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-110299DiVA: diva2:743948
International Workshop on Neutron Optics and Detectors (NOPandD)