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Online mindfulness training for chronicpain: A randomized controlled trialJessica
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Mindfulness is a way of managing chronic pain and its consequences as it fosters anaccepting approach to pain that can be beneficial in several aspects of life affected bypain. This study sought to examine whether an online mindfulness training programcould reduce the experience of pain, increase acceptance of pain, and increase qualityof life in a group of individuals suffering from chronic pain. The study was arandomized controlled trial with a partly active control group. Initially 52 participantswere randomized to the intervention group and 55 to the control group. The drop outrates were high, 21 participants from the intervention group and 40 participants fromthe control group completed post measurement. Increased levels of mindfulness,reduced pain related distress, and heightened pain acceptance, as well as increasedquality of life, was observed in the intervention group. A strong tendency towards aperceived reduction of pain intensity was also evident in the intervention group. Asthe mindfulness program had positive effects on the overall experience of pain it mayserve as a cost‐effective and useful method of dealing with chronic pain.

Abstract [sv]

Mindfulness är ett sätt att hantera kronisk smärta och dess konsekvenser då det lär uten accepterande inställning till smärta som kan vara till hjälp i flera aspekter av livetpåverkade av smärta. Denna studie undersökte huruvida ett online‐baseratmindfulnessprogram kunde minska upplevelsen av smärta, öka acceptans av smärtaoch öka livskvaliteten hos en grupp individer med kronisk smärta. Studien varrandomiserad och kontrollerad med en delvis aktiv kontrollgrupp. Initialtrandomiserades 52 deltagare till experimentgruppen och 55 deltagare tillkontrollgruppen. Bortfallet var högt, 21 deltagare från experimentgruppen och 40deltagare från kontrollgruppen fullgjorde eftermätningarna. Ökade nivåer avmindfulness, reducerat smärtrelaterat lidande, ökad acceptans av smärta såväl somökad livskvalitet återfanns i experimentgruppen. En stark tendens till minskadupplevd smärtintensitet var också tydlig hos experimentgruppen. Dåmindfulnessprogrammet hade positiva effekter på den övergripande upplevelsen avsmärta kan det fungera som en kostnadseffektiv och användbar metod att hanterakronisk smärta.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Mindfulness, chronic pain, persistent pain, Internet‐based treatment, Breathworks, acceptance‐based treatment
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92789DiVA: diva2:743290
External cooperation
Mindfulnesscenter
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2014-09-03 Last updated: 2014-09-04Bibliographically approved

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