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Volume-Based Fabric Tensors through Lattice-Boltzmann Simulations
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5765-2964
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Diagnostics, Department of Radiology in Linköping.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7750-1917
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces a new methodology to compute fabric tensors from computational fluid dynamics simulations performed through the lattice-Boltzmann method. Trabecular bone is modeled as a pipeline where a synthetic viscous fluid can flow from a single source located at the center of a spherical region of interest toward its boundaries. Two fabric tensors are computed from local velocities at the steady state estimated from the simulations, a tortuosity and a normalized tortuosity tensor.The main advantage of the proposed fabric tensors is that, unlike previous approaches, they intentionally disregard the trabecular termini in the computations, which do not play an important role in the estimation of trabecular bone quality. Thus, the proposed fabric tensors are less prone than previously proposed ones to unnecessary reductions of anisotropy related to the the presence of trabecular termini. The results of experiments conducted on synthetic and micro-computed tomography data in 2D and 3D show the artificial fluid flowing inside the trabecular bone has negligible velocities at trabecular termini, reducing in that way their influence in the estimation of the proposed fabric tensors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2014. 3179-3184 p.
Series
International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ISSN 1051-4651
Keyword [en]
Fabric tensors, trabecular bone, computational fluid dynamics, lattice-Boltzmann method, tortuosity
National Category
Medical Image Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110037DOI: 10.1109/ICPR.2014.548ISI: 000359818003052Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84919897604ISBN: 9781479952083 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-110037DiVA: diva2:742382
Conference
22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 24-28 August 2014, Stockholm, Sweden
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-5197Swedish Research Council, 2012-3512Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 2011-0376
Available from: 2014-09-01 Created: 2014-09-01 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Moreno, RodrigoSmedby, Örjan

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Division of Radiological SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesCenter for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV)Department of Radiology in Linköping
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