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Subjective well-being in Swedish active seniors and its relationship with physical activity and commonly available biomarkers
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
2014 (English)In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, ISSN 1176-9092, E-ISSN 1178-1998, Vol. 9, 233-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Physical activity is claimed to be related to well-being and to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the possible associations of well-being with physical activity and biomarkers of somatic health were studied in a sample of Swedish active seniors to determine the strength of these associations.

Methods: Three hundred and eighty-nine community-dwelling senior citizens (127 men and 262 women) of mean age 74 +/- 5 years were recruited for this cross-sectional population study. Serum samples were analyzed for lipoproteins and markers of inflammation. The Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) index was used to measure subjective well-being. Physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire modified for the elderly.

Results: More than 50% of men and women rated their physical activity as high; in the women, there was a significant difference between the age groups (younger and older than the median age [median =74.1 years], respectively). The mean PGWB index indicates a high degree of subjective well-being in this group of Swedish seniors. Of the PGWB subdimensions, general health had the strongest positive relationship with physical activity (r(2)=5.4%). for the subdimensions of depressed mood, positive well-being, vitality, and PGWB index, physical activity had an r(2)<= 4%, while the contributions of sex, age, and biomarkers were minor.

Conclusion: We have estimated the contribution of physical activity to the variance of subjective well-being in active seniors. Physical activity appears to play a greater role as a determinant of subjective well-being than do biomarkers of somatic health, especially in females, but most of the variance remained unaccounted for by the studied variables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, 233-239 p.
Keyword [en]
subjective well-being, physical activity, biomarkers
National Category
Geriatrics Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92688DOI: 10.2147/CIA.S63198ISI: 000339920600001PubMedID: 25114517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92688DiVA: diva2:742323
Available from: 2014-09-01 Created: 2014-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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