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Ögonblick i klassrummet: Samtal och interaktion om elevers fotografier på gymnasiet
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. (Forskarskolan Yrkesämnenas didaktik)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1083-1217
2014 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

En kamera fångar ögonblick av det ljus som människan kan uppfatta, eller verkligheten som det ibland kallas. Dessa ögonblick i form av fotografier, arbetar de elever och den lärare med, som Ola Lindholm har följt på gymnasiet. Läsaren kan följa hur eleverna interagerar, hur det sociala samspelet organiseras under lektioner och redovisningar, vad som görs viktigt samt hur bildteoretiska- och yrkesmässiga kunskaper framträder i interaktionen.

I studien framträder ett arbetssätt som ger eleverna ansvar och möjlighet att visa vad de kan i interaktionerna och vid redovisningarna av deras fotografier. Resultatet visar hur läraren försöker få eleverna att se skillnader i fotografiets uttryck, skärpedjup, bildbeskärning etcetera. Ibland gör eleverna motstånd och förhandlar med läraren där eleverna hävdar sin kunskap och sina åsikter om sina bilder. I bildanalysen av ett elevfotografi framträder två olika intentioner med de förslag som läraren och eleven förhandlar om. Studien visar att bildteorier, bildspråket och vad bilden kan berätta, inte är lika framträdande i interaktionen som frågor om teknik och process.

Ola Lindholm, är bild- och medielärare på Sundstagymnasiet i Karlstad. Licentiatavhandlingen har skrivits inom Forskarskolan i yrkesämnenas didaktik.

Abstract [en]

A camera captures the moment of light that humans can perceive, or the reality as it is sometimes called. The work and the interaction in the classroom with these frozen moments in the form of photographs can be followed in this study at a media program in high school. The aim of the study is to research how students interact, how the social interaction is organized in lectures and presentations, what becomes important and how the pictorial theory and professional knowledge emerges from the interaction.The study reveals a didactical way of working that gives students the responsibility and opportunity to communicate and show what they can, both in interactions with the teacher during their work with the photographic picture and in the presentations of their photographs. The results show how the teacher tries to get students to see the differences in the photographic expression, depth of field, cropping and so on. Sometimes the students make resistance and negotiate with the teacher, showing knowledge and arguing for their opinions about their pictures. One picture analysis of student photography reveals different intentions with the proposals that the teacher and student negotiates about. The study shows that pictorial theories, picture language, and the communicative intention, are not as prominent in the interaction as issues about technique and process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014. , 145 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:47
Keyword [en]
Photographic education, interaction, classroom interaction, pictorial language, Photographic education, interaction, classroom interaction, pictorial language, vocational education
Keyword [sv]
Interaktion, yrkesämnenas didaktik, fotografi, bild, klassrumsinteraktion
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33497ISBN: 978-91-7063-583-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33497DiVA: diva2:742010
Presentation
2014-10-10, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-19 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2015-09-09Bibliographically approved

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