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Hemlöshet: En studie om socialarbetares resonemang kring boendelösningar till hemlösa.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Homelessness : A study of social workers' reasoning about housing solutions for homeless. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur socialarbetare resonerar kring olika grupper av hemlösa och om det finns skillnader i bedömningen av boendelösningar utifrån vilken orsak till hemlöshet en klient har. Uppsatsen baseras på personintervjuer med sex socialarbetare inom samma kommun. De teorier som användes för att analysera data var symbolisk interaktionism och stigmateori. Resultatet visade att socialarbetarna hade olika syn på skälen till hemlöshet då de arbetar på olika positioner inom kommunen och har olika erfarenhet av arbete med hemlösa. Utifrån de boendelösningar som den studerade kommunen erbjuder hade socialarbetarna olika sätt att se på dem. Några tyckte att det var för mycket krav på de hemlösa och inte tillräckligt med boendelösningar, medan andra inte höll med. Alla intervjupersonerna ansåg att bostadsmodellen Bostad först kan uppfattas som ett tillskott till möjligheter att lösa boendet för hemlösa eftersom modellen inte i första hand utgår från krav på att klienten ska vara drogfri. Socialarbetarna ansåg att ansvaret för de hemlösa ska vara på en samhällelig nivå, det vill säga att det inte är individen själv som har skapat problemet utan det sociala systemet i samhället och dessutom i förlängningen att hemlöshet i sig är ett samhälleligt skapat fenomen.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the essay was to examine how the social workers reason about the client’s reason for being homeless and how the social workers think about the housing solutions and if possible highlight the ambivalence that can be seen between the client’s reason for homelessness and the housing solutions that are at hand. This essay is based on interviews with six social workers with various titles within the same municipality. The theories that have been used are symbolic interactionism and stigma theory. The results show that these social workers have different attitudes with regard to the approach of the causes of homelessness. Based on the housing solutions of the municipality the social workers approached the homeless clients differently. Some social workers opinions were that there were too many requirements for the homeless to live up to and too few housing solutions to place them in. The social workers that were interviewed said that they believed that the housing model Housing First will be a great addition to the options in housing for the homeless. The reason for this attitude towards the model is that it is based on the requirement for abstinence. The social workers thought that the responsibility for the homeless ought to be on a society level, in other words it is not the individual itself that has created the problem but the social system. In a longer perspective this means that homelessness is created by society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 33
Keyword [en]
Homelessness, social worker, stigma
Keyword [sv]
Hemlöshet, socialarbetare, stigma
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-33485DiVA, id: diva2:741711
Subject / course
Socialt arbete
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-09-03 Created: 2014-08-28 Last updated: 2014-09-03Bibliographically approved

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