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Embryos, polyps and medusae of the early Cambrian scyphozoan Olivooides.
University of Bristol.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B, ISSN 0962-8452, Vol. 280, no 2130071, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Early Cambrian organism Olivooides is known from both embryonic and post-embryonic stages and, consequently, it has the potential to yield vital insights into developmental evolution at the time that animal body plans were established. However, this potential can only be realized if the phylogenetic relationships of Olivooides can be constrained. The affinities of Olivooides have proved controversial because of the lack of knowledge of the internal anatomy and the limited range of developmental stages known. Here, we describe rare embryonic specimens in which internal anatomical features are preserved. We also present a fuller sequence of fossilized developmental stages of Olivooides, including associated specimens that we interpret as budding ephyrae ( juvenile medusae), all of which display a clear pentaradial symmetry. Within the framework of a cnidarian interpretation, the new data serve to pinpoint the phylogenetic position of Olivooides to the scyphozoan stem group. Hypotheses about scalidophoran or echinoderm affinities of Olivooides can be rejected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 280, no 2130071, 1-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Cnidarian, Development, Cambrian, China
National Category
Zoology Geology
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-594DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0071OAI: diva2:741595
Swedish Research Council, 2010-3929
Available from: 2014-08-28 Created: 2014-08-28 Last updated: 2014-08-28

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