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The Effects of Working Memory on User’s Performance in Creative Drawing
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Human-Computer Interaction.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Creative thinking ability is increasingly valuable in the nowadays society, especially in the innovation industry. The way to evaluate and somehow measure human’s creativity deserved the plenty researches for decades. Among approaches for creation, drawing has been used as a support for ideation for centuries. A widely well-known creativity test was Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT), in which creative drawing tasks took apart in. Additionally, it was proposed that creativity was a result of continuously repetitive processes of working memory and some neurophysiologists had discovered that working memory and our cerebellum collaborate to produce creativity and innovation. To expand our knowledge on the potential relationship of working memory and creativity, the problem - to what extent does a load on working memory affect creative performance in drawing tasks - therefore was addressed.The exploratory study presented in this thesis was conducted as a continuation of a series of relevant previous researches investigating how multiple factors affect the outcomes of creative drawing tasks (Zabramski & Neelakannan, 2011) (Zabramski, et al., 2011) (Zabramski, et al., 2013). A controlled experiment investigating how the outcomes of a drawing creativity test are affected when the participants are given a load on visual working memory was launched. The computerized TTCT were performed in both the experimental group and the controlled group. The load on visual working memory – the so-called Trace Fade-out setting – was only loaded for the experimental group. The Trace Fade-out setting means that what the participant has drawn on the screen will fade out until disappear in 15 seconds.This thesis presents the results of the study, which show no significant effect on creativity scores earned by the participants, in general. Specifically, relative significant differences were detected between the quality scores of the drawing outcomes obtained by the two groups. The results imply that creative drawing activities can be unaffectedly achieved in an interference of working memory, although the involved people may think they are affected during the activities and believe that they may perform better without the interference.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
creativity, working memory, evaluation, TTCT, drawing
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-230546DiVA: diva2:740895
Educational program
Master Programme in Human-Computer Interaction
Presentation
2014-06-05, A204, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 10:45 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-28 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2014-08-28Bibliographically approved

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