UTILIZATION OF WIND POWER IN RWANDA: Design and Production Option
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis [Artistic work]
This Master Thesis is the research done in the country of Rwanda. The project leads to study the climate of this country in order to establish whether this climate could be used to produce energy from air and to implement the first wind turbine for serving the nation.
After an introduction about the historical background of wind power, the thesis work deals with assessment of wind energy potential of Rwanda in focusing of the most suitable place for wind power plants. The best location with annual mean wind speed, the rate of use of turbine with hub height for an annual production per year, the mean wind speeds for 6 sites of Rwanda based on ECMWF for climatic data for one year at relief of altitude of 100m and coordinates are reported too.
The result of energy produced and calculations were done based on power hitting wind turbine generator in order to calculate Kinetic energy and power available at the best location to the measurement over the period of 12 months, that could be hoped for long term.
With help of logarithmic law, where wind speed usually increases with increasing in elevation and the desired wind speeds at all 6 sites were used. The annual energy production was taken into account at the best site with desired wind speed at the initial cost of turbine as well as the cost of energy (COE).However, with comparison of the tariff of EWSA, the price of Wind designed in this Research per kWh is cheaper and suitable for people of Rwanda.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 100 p.
It has been an honor to work on this research with my advisors Professor Etienne NTAGWIRUMUGARA and Mr. Nenad GLODIC.Their insights, guidance, encouragement and support throughout this research work enabled me to stay motivated and productive. I appreciate all their contribution of time, effort and ideas to this work. I would like to thank Professor Andrew Martin Director of Sustainable Energy Engineering (SEE) MSc Program, for giving us the opportunity to study at KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management. This work would not have been possible without them. I am grateful to my sponsors; the government of Rwanda and KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management. Without their financial support this work would be none existent. To the faculty, staff and fellow students, particularly students followed the Sustainable Energy Utilization as Specialization of the Sustainable Energy Technology at KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management. My Special thanks are to MSc thesis administrator, Oxana SAMOTEEVA; Dr. Chamindie SENARATNE, Deputy Program Director for SEE Worldwide at Royal Institute of Technology; Dr. Venant KAYIBANDA Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at KIST and Facilitator of KTH based at KIST in Rwanda and EWSA’s authorities, for their suggestions, support and advices. I would like to conclude with lots of appreciation to two very special people; my wife Angélique UWAYISABA (B.Sc IT) and my son Liévin D’ARTAGNAN for their continuous prayers during the whole period of my study. Thank you.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-149574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-149574DiVA: diva2:740341
Subject / course
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
2014-02-11, 300, KIST II, KIGALI-RWANDA, 13:00 (English)
NTAGWIRUMUGARA, Etienne, ProfessorGLODIC, Nenad, Mr
FRANSSON, Torsten, Professor
Rwanda has considerable opportunities development energy from hydro sources, methane gas, solar and peat deposits. Most of these energy sources have not been fully exploited, such as solar, wind and geothermal. As such wood is still being the major source of energy for 94 per cent of the population and imported petroleum products consume more than 40 per cent of foreign exchange. Energy is a key component of the Rwandan economy. It is thus recognized that the current inadequate and expensive energy supply constitutes a limiting factor to sustainable development. Rwanda’s Vision 2020 emphasizes the need for economic growth, private investment and economic transformation supported by a reliable and affordable energy supply as a key factor for the development process. To achieve this transformation, the country will need to increase energy production and diversify into alternative energy sources. Rwandan nations don’t have small-scale solar, wind, and geothermal devices in operation providing energy to urban and rural areas. These types of energy production are especially useful in remote locations because of the excessive cost of transporting electricity from large-scale power plants. The application of renewable energy technology has the potential to alleviate many of the problems that face the people of Rwanda every day, especially if done so in a sustainable manner that prioritizes human rights.2014-08-262014-08-252014-08-26Bibliographically approved