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Patienters upplevelser av livsstilsförändringar: i samband med diagnosen diabetes typ 2 - En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' experiences of lifestyle changes : in relation to the diagnosis of diabetes type 2 - A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Diabetes typ 2 har på senare år ökat lavinartat över hela världen. Ohälsosamma levnadsvanor såsom felaktig kost och fysisk inaktivitet är ofta orsaken. Att göra en livsstilsförändring för att förhindra sjukdomen eller för att minska symtomen kan upplevas som en svårighet. SYFTE: Syftet med denna litteraturbaserade studie var att belysa patienters upplevelser av livsstilsförändringar i samband med diagnosen diabetes typ 2. METOD: Studien är en kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie som är baserad på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar. RESULTAT: Ur analysen framkom tre kategorier såsom påfrestande omställning i livet, orka ta eget ansvar, ökad vilja genom uppbackning med sju underkategorier. SLUTSATS: Patienter upplever otillräckligt stöd från omgivningen. Det är viktigt att stöd ges från omgivningen och det spelar en stor roll i patientens arbete mot en hälsosammare livsstil. Det är väsentligt för patientens välbefinnande att sjuksköterskan har en förmåga att respektera och bekräfta patientens kamp.  

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes has in recent years increased dramatically worldwide. An unhealthy lifestyle habit such as improper diet and physical inactivity plays a major role. Making a lifestyle change to prevent disease or to decrease symptoms may be perceived as setbacks. PURPOSE: The aim of this literature-based study is to elucidate patients' experiences of the lifestyle changes that involve the diagnosis of diabetes type 2. METHOD: The study was conducted as a literature-based study and the result is based on twelve research articles. FINDINGS: Three categories were identified from the analysis: A strenuous change in life, strength for self-responsibility and increased will through support. CONCLUSION: Patients experience unsatisfying support. It is important how the support is given from family and care-professionals and it plays a huge role in the patient’s way to a healthier lifestyle. The importance of respect, listening, and confirming the struggle is essential for the patient’s wellbeing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes Mellitus type 2, lifestyle changes, motivation, self-care
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes typ 2, egenvård, livsstilsförändring, motivation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-9752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-9752DiVA: diva2:740264
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-09-03 Created: 2014-08-23 Last updated: 2014-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Floberg Klamberg, JessicaLandesund, Lena
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CiteExportLink to record
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