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Nurses’ roles and experiences with enhancing adherence to tuberculosis treatment among patients in Burundi: a qualitative study
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
International Leadership University (ILU) in Burundi.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (FAMN)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9865-4405
2014 (English)In: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, ISSN 2090-150X, E-ISSN 2090-1518, Vol. 2014, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


In TB control, poor treatment adherence is a major cause of relapse and drug resistance. Nurses have a critical role in supporting patients in TB treatment process. Yet, very little research has been done to inform policymakers and practitioners on nurses’ experiences of treatment adherence among patients with TB.


To describe nurses’ experiences of supporting treatment adherence among patients with tuberculosis in Burundi.


The study adopted qualitative approach with a descriptive design. A purposive sampling was performed. Eight nurses were selected from two TB treatment centers in Burundi. Content analysis was used to analyze the data.


According to the nurses,most patients complete their treatment. Educating patients, providing the medication, observing and following up treatment, and communicating with the patients were the key tasks by nurses to support adherence. Causes for interruption were medication-related difficulties, poverty, and patients’ indiscipline. Treatment adherence could also be affected by patients’ and nurses’ feelings. Providing transportation and meals could enhance treatment compliance.


Nurses are critical resources to TB treatment success. In a poverty stricken setting, nurses’ work could be facilitated and adherence further could be enhanced if socioeconomic problems (transportation and nutritional support) were alleviated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014. Vol. 2014, 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Nurses, Tuberculosis, Treatment Adherence
National Category
Research subject
Health and Medical Care Research
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35991DOI: 10.1155/2014/984218OAI: diva2:739301
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, Article ID 984218
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, MFS
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2015-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson, MarieJohansson, StinaKaboru, Berthollet Bwira
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