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Stress inför och under föräldraskapet: - en enkätundersökning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka blivande mammors och pappors upplevelser av stress inför och under föräldraskapet och jämföra eventuella skillnader. Metod. Blivande föräldrar i Västernorrland rekryterades till studien i samband med rutinultraljudet. Föräldrarna besvarade en enkät vid tre tillfällen, i mitten på graviditeten, två månader samt ett år efter förlossningen. Svaren har analyserats med SPSS. Resultat. Resultatet visade att det föreligger skillnader mellan blivande föräldrars upplevelser av stress. Stress mätt över tid minskade bland mammor respektive bland pappor. Det fanns även skillnader i upplevelser av stress i relation till bakgrundsfaktorer. Under graviditeten var upplevelsen av stress störst bland de i åldersgruppen 25-35 år, de som väntade sitt första barn samt de med en högre utbildning. Två månader efter förlossningen uppgav nyblivna mammor, de i åldersgruppen 25-35 samt de som fått sitt första barn en högre stress. Ett år efter förlossningen förelåg endast en skillnad mellan mammor och pappor, där mammor var mer stressade. Konklusion. Det föreligger skillnader mellan mammor och pappors upplevelser av stress. För ökad förståelse och för att kunna erbjuda adekvat stöd till blivande föräldrar bör ytterligare forskning bedrivas.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prospective mothers 'and fathers ' experiences of stress before and during parenthood and compare any differences. Method. Expectant parents in Västernorrland enrolled in the study in conjunction with routine ultrasound. Parents answered a questionnaire on three occasions, in the middle of pregnancy, two months and one year after childbirth. The responses were analyzed with SPSS. Results. The results showed that there are differences between the prospective parents' experiences of stress. Estimated stress measured over time fell among mothers and among fathers. There were also differences in the experience of stress in relation to background factors. During pregnancy, the experience of stress was greatest in those aged 25-35 years, those who were expecting their first child and those with a higher education. Two months after delivery indicated that mothers,those who were aged 25-35 years, and those who had their first child a higher level of stress. A year after giving birth was only one difference between mothers and fathers, where mothers were more stressed. Conclusion. There are differences between mothers 'and fathers ' experiences of stress. For better understanding and to provide adequate support to expectant parents, further research should be conducted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Parenthood, stress, pregnancy, parental stress
Keyword [sv]
Föräldraskap, stress, graviditet, föräldrastress
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229846DiVA: diva2:738131
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Midwifery programme
Presentation
2014-05-21, Grupprum 1, kvinnokliniken, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-15 Last updated: 2014-08-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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