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Specialistsjuksköterskors möte med patienter som har en annan etnisk och kulturell bakgrund och vårdas för psykisk ohälsa
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Specialist nurse's  encounter with a patient with a different ethnical and cultural background and who receives care for mental illness (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I denna studie defineras etnicitet som ett samlingsbegrepp för ursprung medan kultur som ett socialt inlärt beteende och är föränderlig i sitt sammanhang. I litteraturen framkommer att patienter med annan etniskt och kulturell bakgrund objektiviseras av sjukvårdpersonalen, individen betraktas som en representant för sin kultur. I Sverige finns många människor med annan etnisk och kulturell bakgrund. Människor som emigrerar drabbats av psykisk ohälsa i högre grad än genomsnittsbefolkningen de löper större risk för stress, oro och ångest.

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva specialistsjuksköterskors möte med en patient som har en annan etnisk och kulturell bakgrund och vårdas för psykisk ohälsa.

Metod: Datainsamlades via intervjuer av fem specialistsjuksköterskor. I denna studie används en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Två kategorier framkommer ur resultatet. Svårigheter sjuksköterskor står inför och sjuksköterskornas sätt att hantera svårigheter. I första kategorin finns en subkategori sjuksköterskornas svårigheter i mötet med patienter med annan etnisk och kulturell bakgrund. I andra kategorin sjuksköterskornas sätt att hantera svårigheter finns fyra subkategorier hjälp av tolk, anhörigas hjälp, hjälp av kollegor och andra sätt att kommunicera.

Diskussion: Språkbarriären var det främsta svårigheten som beskrevs i mötet och hur sjuksköterskor hanterade svårigheten i mötet med hjälp av tolk, anhöriga, kolleger och andra sätt att kommunicera.

Abstract [en]

Background: In this study, defined ethnicity as a collective term for origin while culture is socially enrolled into the character of one’s behavior and is changeable in context. In the literature it is clear that patients with a different ethnical and cultural background are subject to objectification by healthcare professionals. The individual in many cases is seen as a representative of his or her cultural and ethnical inherence. In Sweden there are many people with different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. People who emigrate affected by mental illness to a greater degree than the average population they are at greater risk for stress, worry and anxiety.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to describe the specialist nurses' encounter with patients with different ethnic and cultural backgrounds and cared for mental illness.

Methods: Data was collected through interviews with five specialist nurses. This study uses qualitative content analysis.

Results: Two categories emerge from the results. Difficulties nurses face and the nurses' way of handling difficulties. The first category is a sub category of nursing difficulties in meeting with patients of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. In the second category of nursing ways to handle difficulties are four subcategories help of an interpreter, relatives help, the help of colleagues and other ways to communicate.

Discussions: The language barrier was the main difficulty which was described in the meeting and how the nurses dealt with the difficulty of the encounter with the aid of an interpreter, relatives, colleagues, and other ways to communicate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Ethnicity, culture, communication, meeting, psychiatric nursing, specialist nurse
Keyword [sv]
Etnicitet, kultur, kommunikation, möte, psykiatrisk vård, specialistsjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-3994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-3994DiVA: diva2:738098
Educational program
Postgraduate Diploma in Specialist Nursing - Mental Health Care
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-15 Last updated: 2015-05-11Bibliographically approved

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