Light interactions in flexible conjugated dyes
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis methodological developments have been made for the description of flexible conjugated dyes in room temperature spectrum calculations.
The methods in question target increased accuracy and efficiency by combining classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with time-dependent response theory spectrum calculations. For absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies a form of conformational averaging is used, where the final spectrum is obtained as an average of spectra calculated for geometries extracted from ground and excited state MD simulations. For infrared and Raman spectroscopies averaged spectra are calculated based on individual spectra, obtained for zero-temperature optimized molecular structures, weighted by conformational statistics from MD trajectories. Statistics for structural properties are also used in both cases to gain additional information about the systems, allowing more efficient utilization of computational resources. As it is essential that the molecular mechanics description of the system is highly accurate for methods of this nature to be effective, high quality force field parameters have been derived, describing the molecules of interest in either the MM3 or CHARMM force fields.
These methods have been employed in the study of three systems. The first is a platinum(II) actylide chromophore used in optical power limiting materials, for which a ultraviolet/visible absorption spectrum has been calculated. The second is a family of molecular probes called luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes, used to detect and characterize amyloid proteins, for which both absorption and fluorescence spectra have been calculated. Finally, infrared and Raman spectra have been calculated for a group of branched oligothiophenes used in organic solar cells.
In addition, solvation effects have been studied for conjugated poly\-eletrolytes in water, resulting in the development of two solvation models suitable for this class of molecules. The first uses a quantum meachanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) description, in which the solute mole\-cule is described using accurate quantum mechanical methods while the surrounding water molecules are described using point charges and polarizable point dipoles. The second discards the water entirely and removes the ionic groups of the solute. The QM/MM model provides highly accurate results while the cut-down model gives results of slightly lower quality but at a much reduced computational cost.
Finally, a study of protein-dye interactions has been performed, with the goal of explaining changes in the luminescence properties of the LCO chromophores when in the presence of amyloid proteins. Results were less than conclusive.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. , 63 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1608
force field, molecular dynamics, QM/MM, solvation effects, absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectrosocopy, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, stokes shift, conjugated polyelectrolytes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109011DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-109011ISBN: 978-91-7519-282-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-109011DiVA: diva2:737026
2014-09-12, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:00 (English)
Norman, Patrick, Professor
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