Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
FEELINGS OF SAFETY: Feelings of Safety In The Presence Of the Police, Security Guards and Police Volunteers
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Uniformed presences are thought to create feelings of safety in people. However, do different uniformed people contribute to the same amount of safety and are there differences dependent on the situation? The present study examined the association between various types of uniformed presence and people’s feelings of safety through a questionnaire among 352 respondents (18-86 years) (49.1 % women). The questionnaire contained pictures of relatively safe and unsafe situations with or without uniformed presence. The respondents estimated how safe they thought they would feel in these situations with and without two police officers, six police officers, a police car, two security guards, or two police volunteers. The results showed that uniformed presence does not increase feelings of safety in an already relatively safe situation, making patrol unnecessary. In relatively unsafe situations however, all types of uniformed presence increase feelings of safety. Foot patrolling police increased feelings of safety the most. Security guards and police volunteers created approximately the same amount of safety; making police volunteers a cost-effective alternative, although some situation, gender and age differences were found. All types of foot patrol were better than vehicle patrol (with some gender differences), making non-police groups an alternative to vehicle patrol.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
feelings of safety, policing, security guards, police volunteers, foot patrol, vehicle patrol
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35885OAI: diva2:736708
Subject / course
Available from: 2014-08-08 Created: 2014-08-08 Last updated: 2014-08-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1022 kB)423 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1022 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 423 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 287 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link