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Rapid microwave assisted growth of ZnO nanocrystals: effects of heating power and zinc precursor
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The subject of this thesis is microwave assisted rapid growth of ZnO nanoparticles from an aqueous solution using different zinc precursors and heating powers, and characterization of these by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and optical microscopy. The goal of the experiment performed was to study the effect of the heating power of the microwave oven as well as that of the zinc precursor used on the morphology and size of the grown particles.

ZnO nanoparticles has many interesting possible applications in a wide range of areas, such as LED-technology, medicine, antibacterial applications, solar cells and more. Also, there is still a lot of knowledge missing concerning the growth mechanisms and properties of ZnO on the nano-scale. These two facts give good reasons to continue the research and investigations of nano-ZnO. Being able to use the microwave assisted growth method in large scale is highly interesting as it is relatively cheap, safe and easy compared to other presently used methods, so there are good reasons to learn more about this technique as well.

In this project it was found that both the heating power and the zinc precursor used had significant effects on the morphology and size of the grown ZnO nanocrystals, and also that adding a zinc seed layer to the surface of the substrate before growth made a big difference in some cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
zinc oxide, nano, microwave assisted, rapid growth
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33269OAI: diva2:735116
Subject / course
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Physics , 180 hp
Available from: 2014-08-05 Created: 2014-07-19 Last updated: 2014-08-05Bibliographically approved

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