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Vem bär kostnaden för regeländringar inom finansiella marknader?: en kvantitativ studie ur aktieägarnas perspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Who carries the costs of regulatory changes within the financial markets? : a quantitative study from a shareholder's perspective (English)
Abstract [en]

As a consequence of a turbulent financial market with recurring recessions, the Basel regime was developed, an institutional change with the purpose to create enhanced financial stability through increased capital requirements and increased scrutiny of internal procedures. The Basel regime is an often recurring element in social debates where various aspects are discussed, one of which is whether it maintains its purpose to secure financial stability or whether it is cost effective, and if not, who gets affected by these potential costs.

The majority of previously conducted research within this area agrees with the opinion that changes in the regulatory framework within the financial markets, such as the Basel regime, has led to reduced risk of bankruptcy for the banks which has contributed to increased global financial stability. However, research illustrates that these types of changes in the regulatory framework impose a financial burden leading to contradictions in the division of these costs between costumers and shareholders. This dissertation has been conducted from a shareholders perspective, out of which the study ́s three hypothesis has been created from.

The data in this study is built upon the stock price from the three largest available banks’ shares (based on total assets), in the 26 countries which are represented in the Basel committee from (2007) to (2013). Calculations of the shares’ systematic risk (beta-value), return, and risk-adjusted return (Treynors ratio) throughout a period of time have been conducted in order to later be tested and lead to statistically significant results and thereby display whether the hypotheses were valid or not.

The result of the study indicated that the systematic risk of these shares have declined from (2007) to (2013), which is a confirmation that the Basel regime has fulfilled its purpose in reducing the risk within the banks. However, the study has not been able to show that the return or risk-adjusted return had been condensed, a result which suggests that it is not the banks’ shareholders who carries the costs for alterations of the regulations within financial markets.

Abstract [sv]

Till följd av en turbulent finansiell marknad med återkommande finanskriser utvecklades Baselregimen, en institutionell förändring med syftet att skapa ökad finansiell stabilitet genom bland annat ökade kapitalkrav och skärpta tillsynskrav av interna processer. Baselregimen är ofta förekommande i samhälleliga debatter där olika aspekter diskuteras, så som huruvida den lyckas uppfylla sitt syfte om att skapa ökad finansiell stabilitet eller om huruvida den är kostsam och vem som i så fall drabbas av eventuella kostnader.

Majoriteten av tidigare forskning är överens om att regelförändringar inom finansiella marknader, så som Baselregimen, lett till minskad konkursrisk i banker vilket bidragit till ökad global finansiell stabilitet. Dock påvisar forskningen att denna typ av regeländringar är kostsamma, vilket leder till motsägelser kring hur kostnadsfördelningen mellan kunder och aktieägare ser ut. Valet föll i denna uppsats på att studera aktieägarnas perspektiv, vilket studiens tre hypoteser skapats utifrån.

Datan har i denna studie utgjorts av aktiekurser från tre av de tillgängliga största bankernas aktier (baserat på totala tillgångar), i de 26 länder som finns representerade i Baselkommittén från år (2007) till år (2013). Beräkningar av bankaktiernas systematiska risk (betavärde), avkastning och riskjusterade avkastning (Treynors kvot) över tiden har genomförts för att sedan testats och leda fram till statistiskt signifikant påvisbara resultat och därmed huruvida hypoteserna förkastas eller inte.

Studiens resultat påvisar att den systematiska risken i bankaktierna har sjunkit från år (2007) till år (2013), vilket är en bekräftelse på att Baselregimen uppnått sitt syfte om att sänka risken i bankerna. Dock har inte studiens resultat kunnat påvisa att bankaktiernas avkastning eller riskjusterade avkastning sjunkit, ett resultat som tyder på att det inte är bankernas aktieägare som får bära kostnaden för regelförändringar inom finansiella marknader.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 59 p.
Keyword [en]
Basel regime, financial stability, institutional changes, risk-adjusted return
Keyword [sv]
Baselregimen, finansiell stabilitet, institutionella förändringar, riskjusterad avkastning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12451OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12451DiVA: diva2:734906
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-19 Created: 2014-07-21 Last updated: 2014-08-19Bibliographically approved

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