Aspect and epistemic notions in the present tense system of Khalkha Mongolian
2015 (English)In: Acta Linguistica Petropolitana, ISSN 2306-5737, Vol. XI, no 3, 46-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
In this paper, I will dicuss positive present tense forms in spoken Khalkha Mongolian. Khalkha is analyzed to have five non-finite aspect markers, the Progressive, Continuative, Habitual, Perfect, and Prospective. They mainly combine with the three suffixes ‑n, ‑aa and ‑dag. On its own, ‑n expresses an instantiated potential or neutral future and ‑aa combines epistemic possibility and resultativity. In combination with aspect markers, though, they express the evidential value of direct vs. indirect perception. As the resultant state of a perfect can be perceived directly, the division runs between direct sensual perception of the event and an event inferred from direct sensual perception vs. events that are concluded from assumptions, hearsay, and previous perception. The suffix ‑dag expresses habitual and generic semantics. It is most commonly used on its own, but can also take other aspect markers into its scope, e.g. expressing a habitually ongoing event. Next to its main use, it is even used to refer to mono-occasional events that diverge from what the speaker perceives as the normal course of events. In addition, absolute-final and other uses of the participle ‑h and final uses of the converb ‑aad are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
St. Petersburg: Rossijskaja akademija nauk / Russian Academy of Sciences, 2015. Vol. XI, no 3, 46-127 p.
aspect, evidentiality, Khalkha Mongolian
Research subject General Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-106140DiVA: diva2:734894