Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Storyforming: Experiments in creating discursive engagements between people, things and environments
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Product and Service Design. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC, Green Leap.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5621-7327
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis introduces and critically reflects on a design programme, Storyforming, that explores ways to design objects and places to enrich daily life narratives. Using an experimental design approach, the goal is to exemplify and explore this idea with discursive artefacts that, through their physical and temporal form, act as catalysts in the construction of meaningful experiences.

In the current sustainability discourse, behavioural change has been pointed out as a key factor in achieving a sustainable society. Historically, design has been very effective in increasing production and consumption behaviours by creating new types of needs and, in a way, manufacturing desire (Forty, 1986). Drawing on this, the overarching aim of this thesis is the investigation of the ways design, through a suggested programme, can afford alternative types of meaningful experiences in contrast to the prevailing consumer culture.

The empirical work reported in the thesis stems from several research projects looking into the matter of energy use in relation to design. In addition, two of the projects have been carried out in the author’s own design practice. Some concepts are explored more in-depth—involving events such as field studies, situated interviews, workshops, prototype building, design interventions in the form of domestication probes, and contextual studies ranging from a few weeks up to a year—while other concepts exist only as sketches or photo montages. The diversity of these concepts, the design experiments, helps span a design space becoming a new provisional design programme. The idea for this programme has evolved from observations and reflections made throughout the experiments presented in the thesis.

The general results are the suggested approach of Storyforming, which focuses on the design of artefacts supporting daily narratives that can be used to create engagement, meaning, and alternative values applicable to the discourse of sustainable behaviour.

Specific contributions are the selection of design experiments. In the thesis, the experiments have first been examined from the perspective of stories and forming as a basis for the new programme formulation. Through this articulation of the programme, the experiments are revisited through three leitmotifs, part of the provisional programme focusing on different properties related to the aspect of forming. From the perspective of the user, these themes—seeing and accessing designs, exploring and expressing complexity, and sharing experiences and negotiating use—are finally elaborated on in relation to other theoretical concepts as well as their implications for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , 287 p.
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 14:6
Keyword [en]
interaction design, sustainable design, research through design, critical design
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148049ISBN: 978-91-7595-212-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-148049DiVA: diva2:734638
Public defence
2014-09-03, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20140825

Available from: 2014-08-25 Created: 2014-07-19 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Exploring Sustainable Practices in Workplace Settings through Visualizing Electricity Consumption
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Sustainable Practices in Workplace Settings through Visualizing Electricity Consumption
Show others...
2013 (English)In: ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, ISSN 1073-0516, E-ISSN 1557-7325, ISSN ISSN 1073-0516, Vol. 20, no 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People’s domestic habits are increasingly being targeted to reduce levels of CO2 emissions. Whereas domestic energy consumption has received a lot of attention with several reported studies on sustainable practices, there are very few studies on workplace practices. Nevertheless, these are considered as having much potential for reducing energy consumption. This paper presents the findings from two field studies where two different types of prototypes for visualizing energy use were designed, implemented and evaluated in different types of workplace settings – factories and offices. The studies used design probes to explore how visual feedback for electricity use was interpreted and acted upon by employees in work settings. A striking observation was that it is very difficult to get people to change to more pro-environmental behavior and practices in a workplace environment. The paper discusses why this might be the case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: ACM Press, 2013
Keyword
Human factors, design, Pro-environmental HCI, sustainable practice, design interventions, ethnography, case studies, research through design
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-137211 (URN)10.1145/2501526 (DOI)000327432600005 ()2-s2.0-84887846506 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20131212

Available from: 2013-12-11 Created: 2013-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. Becoming the Energy AWARE Clock: Revisiting the Design Process Through a Feminist Gaze
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming the Energy AWARE Clock: Revisiting the Design Process Through a Feminist Gaze
2013 (English)In: Experiments in Design Research / [ed] Eva Brandt, Pelle Ehn, Troels Degn Johansson, Maria Hellström Reimer, Thomas Markussen, Anna Vallgårda, Köpenhamn: The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools Architecture, Design and Conservation , 2013, 258-266 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the border between technology and design (form giving) from a feminist perspective. Looking at the energy system and how it has been integrated in the household, we want to address the underlying structures that have been built into the ecology of electrical appliances used in daily life, preserving certain norms that could be questioned from both a gender and a sustainability perspective. We have created an alternative electricity meter, the Energy AWARE Clock, addressing design issues uncovered in an initial field study. In this paper, we will make parallels to these issues. We also use feminist technoscience studies scholar Donna Haraway’s theory of the cyborg in order to clarify useful concepts that can be derived from feminist theory and that can act as important tools for designers engaged in creative processes. From our own experience with the Energy AWARE Clock this approach has great potential for questioning and rethinking present norms within sustainability and gender, from the viewpoints of design research and design practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Köpenhamn: The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools Architecture, Design and Conservation, 2013
Keyword
design, interaction design, FTS, energy, research trough design, gender
National Category
Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123892 (URN)978-87-7830-316-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Nordic Design Research Conference. Expressions, knowledge, critique. June 9-12, 2013, Malmö and Copenhagen
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20130712

Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2017-02-21Bibliographically approved
3. Coffee Maker Patterns and the Design of Energy Feedback Artefacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coffee Maker Patterns and the Design of Energy Feedback Artefacts
Show others...
2010 (English)In: DIS '10 Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, 2010, 93-102 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Smart electricity meters and home displays are being installed in people’s homes with the assumption that households will make the necessary efforts to reduce their electricity consumption. However, present solutions do not sufficiently account for the social implications of design. There is a potential for greater savings if we can better understand how such designs affect behaviour. In this paper, we describe our design of an energy awareness artefact – the Energy AWARE Clock – and discuss it in relation to behavioural processes in the home. A user study is carried out to study the deployment of the prototype in real domestic contexts for three months. Results indicate that the Energy AWARE Clock played a significant role in drawing households’ attention to their electricity use. It became a natural part of the household and conceptions of electricity became naturalized into informants’ everyday language.

Keyword
Interaction design, sustainability, energy use, ambient display, households, user study
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT Sociology Psychology Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-49916 (URN)10.1145/1858171.1858191 (DOI)2-s2.0-78149289947 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-0103-9 (ISBN)
Conference
8th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, DIS 2010; Aarhus; 16 August 2010 through 20 August 2010
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20111201

Available from: 2011-11-30 Created: 2011-11-30 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved
4. Persuasive Engagement: Exploiting Lifestyle as a Driving Force to Promote Energy-aware Use Patterns and Behaviours
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Persuasive Engagement: Exploiting Lifestyle as a Driving Force to Promote Energy-aware Use Patterns and Behaviours
2009 (English)In: Undisciplined! Proceedings of the Design Research Society Conference 2008, 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Electricity consumption has been rising significantly in the western world the last decades and this has affected the environment negatively. Efficient use and more energy conservative usage patterns could be ways to approach this problem. However, electricity has for a long time actively been hidden away and it is rarely thought of unless it ceases to exist. From the perspective of critical design, we have been working to find methods to visualise electricity and electricity consumption in everyday life to promote environmentally positive behavioural change. In this paper, we are looking at how aspects of lifestyles can be used in design as central driving forces that could lead to changed behaviour. Attempts to promote behavioural changes related to energy consumption might be successfully carried out when people are offered desirable alternatives that are engaging and that do not impose a perceived extra burden in their everyday life. This argument is exemplified through two design concepts, the AWARE Laundry Lamp and the Energy Plant, which are examples on how to increase people’s energy awareness and offer them means for reducing their energy consumption in the home. Both prototypes are inspired by current trends in lifestyle as well as actual observed user behaviour.

Keyword
Interaction Design, Sustainable Design, Energy, Lifestyle, Persuasive Design
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-76032 (URN)
Conference
4th biennial conference of the Design Research Society. Sheffield UK. 16th - 19th July, 2008
Note
QC 20120502Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2014-08-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Thesis(7119 kB)357 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 7119 kBChecksum SHA-512
cdc92d663f486b3a93699d62fabb1a13880a032d20910ba7436161c3d4f00a4d2a88ca8bfc6f3823ccd5de7285f3bae59a20b05aeba059f3e9ed351a1ac4f6f5
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Broms, Loove
By organisation
Product and Service DesignGreen Leap
Human Computer Interaction

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 357 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1204 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf